Lithostrotion Fleming 1828 (horn coral)

Anthozoa - Stauriida - Lithostrotionidae

Synonyms: Cystidendron Schindewolf 1927, Cystistrotion Schindewolf 1927, Lasmocyathus d'Orbigny 1849, Lithostrotium Agassiz 1846, Nemaphyllum M'Coy 1849, Nematophyllum Milne-Edwards and Haime 1850, Stylaxis M'Coy 1849, Stylostrotion Chi 1935

Parent taxon: Lithostrotioninae according to D. Hill 1981

See also Hill 1956 and Sepkoski 2002

Sister taxa: Akiyosiphyllum, Cionodendron, Orionastraea, Schoenophyllum

Subtaxa: Lithostrotion araneum Lithostrotion banffense Lithostrotion decipiens Lithostrotion mclareni Lithostrotion mutabile Lithostrotion sinuosum Lithostrotion vorticale Lithostrotion warreni

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Ecology: stationary epifaunal suspension feeder

Distribution:

• Permian of Canada (2: Nunavut collections)

• Chesterian of Canada (2: Alberta), United States (5: Idaho)

• Osagean of United States (1: Montana)

• Carboniferous of Algeria (6), Australia (4), Belgium (1), Canada (8: Alberta), China (11), France (2), Ireland (7), Japan (2), Morocco (17), the Russian Federation (5), Turkey (1), Ukraine (2), the United Kingdom (45), United States (26: Alaska, California, Georgia, Montana)

• Mississippian of United States (3: Alaska)

Total: 150 collections including 234 occurrences

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