Subfamily Kuphinae Tryon 1862 (clam)

Bivalvia - Pholadida - Teredinidae

Parent taxon: Teredinidae according to J. G. Carter et al. 2011

See also Bouchet et al. 2010, Vokes 1972, Vokes 1980, Ward 1992 and Woodring 1982

Sister taxa: Terebrimya, Teredininae, Teredo, Teredolithus, Teredothyra, Xylotrya

Subtaxa: Kuphus

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Ecology: passively mobile boring herbivore

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Venezuela (1 collection)

• Pliocene of Indonesia (4), Japan (1), Panama (1), United States (12: North Carolina, Virginia)

• Hemphillian of United States (1: Alabama)

• Miocene of Grenada (2), India (1), Indonesia (3), Jamaica (3), Madagascar (7), Panama (11), Puerto Rico (4), Somalia (11), South Africa (1), Trinidad and Tobago (1), United States (21: Florida, Maryland, Virginia)

• Oligocene of India (2), Iran (5), Jamaica (4), Mexico (4), Pakistan (1), Panama (2), Puerto Rico (9), Somalia (7), Trinidad and Tobago (1), United States (14: Florida, Mississippi, Texas)

• Eocene of Somalia (4)

• Paleocene of Poland (1)

Total: 139 collections each including a single occurrence

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