Acanthastrea Milne-Edwards and Haime 1848 (stony coral)

Anthozoa - Scleractinia - Mussidae

Alternative spelling: Acanthastraea

Parent taxon: Mussidae according to J.E.N. Veron 2000

See also Sepkoski 2002 and Wells 1956

Sister taxa: Antilla, Aquitanophyllia, Australomussa, Blastomussa, Circophyllia, Cyclomussa, Cycloria, Cynarina, Homophyllia, Indomussa, Indophyllia, Isophyllia, Leptomussa, Lithodendrum, Lithophyllia, Lobophyllia, Matejkia, Micromussa, Mussa, Mussinae, Mussismilia, Mycetophyllia, Palaeomussa, Scolymia, Symphyllia, Syzygophyllia

Subtaxa: Acanthastrea crenulata Acanthastrea dausi Acanthastrea echinata Acanthastrea hemprichii Acanthastrea hillae Acanthastrea horrida Acanthastrea lordhowensis Acanthastrea polygonalis Acanthastrea termofurae

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Ecology: stationary intermediate-level epifaunal photosymbiotic-suspension feeder

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Egypt (4 collections), Eritrea (1), Guam (2), Indonesia (2), Japan (16), Kenya (5), New Caledonia (1), Pakistan (1), Pitcairn (1), Saudi Arabia (2)

• Pliocene of Indonesia (1), Japan (1), Papua New Guinea (1)

• Miocene of Algeria (5), Austria (8), Egypt (2), Fiji (2), France (4), Greece (1), Indonesia (1), Iran (5), Italy (1), Malta (1), Morocco (2), Papua New Guinea (2), Spain (1), Turkey (1)

• Oligocene of Iran (1)

Total: 75 collections including 92 occurrences

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


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