Subfamily Milthinae Chavan 1969 (clam)

Bivalvia - Lucinida - Lucinidae

Parent taxon: Lucinidae according to J. G. Carter et al. 2011

See also Cox et al. 1969 and Vokes 1980

Sister taxa: Afrolucina, Anodontia, Armimiltha, Austriella, Barbierella, Bretskya, Bulacanites, Cardiolucina, Cavilinga, Chavania, Codakia, Cryptolucina, Ctena, Dilora, Discoloripes, Discolucina, Divalinga, Divaricella, Divaricellinae, Epicodakia, Falsolucinoma, Ferrocina, Fimbria, Fimbriinae, Funafutia, Gigantocyclus, Gonimyrtea, Graecina, Ilioniinae, Illionia, Joellina, Lamylucina, Lepidolucina, Lepilucina, Leucosphaera, Liralucina, Lucininae, Lucinoma, Maorithyas, Meganodontia, Megaxinus, Miltha, Milthona, Myrtea, Myrteinae, Myrtina, Nipponothracia, Notomyrtea, Nymphalucina, Parvidontia, Parvilucina, Phenacocyclas, Pillucina, Poumea, Pseudomiltha, Pteromyrtea, Radiolucina, Sinbadiella, Solelucina, Superlucina, Tehamatea, Tinalucina, Wallucina

Subtaxa: Cavatidens Claibornites Eophysema Gibbolucina Jagolucina Milthoidea

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Ecology: facultatively mobile deep infaunal chemosymbiotic

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Australia (2 collections)

• Miocene of Australia (1), Austria (1), United States (6: Florida)

• Oligocene of Germany (1), Pakistan (2), Peru (1)

• Eocene of Belgium (4), Bulgaria (5), France (2), Italy (1), Japan (2), Mexico (1), Peru (2), the Russian Federation (2), the United Kingdom (3), United States (43: Alabama, California, Florida, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina)

• Paleocene of Argentina (6), Australia (2), Belgium (1), Bulgaria (2), United States (7: California)

• Cretaceous of Iran (1), United States (1: South Dakota)

Total: 99 collections including 103 occurrences

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