†subfamily Phaliinae Beu 1981 (snail)

Gastropoda - Tonnoidea - Cassidae

Parent taxon: Cassidae according to A. G. Beu 2008

See also Beu 2005, Beu 2010, Beu et al. 1990, Bouchet et al. 2005, Ponder and Warén 1988 and Wilson 1993

Sister taxa: Casmaria, Cassididae, Cassinae, Ceiba, Doliocassis, Oocorythinae, Sconsodolium

Subtaxa: Echinophoria Kahua Phalium Semicassis

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Type: Phalium

Ecology: epifaunal carnivore

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Costa Rica (2 collections), Ecuador (2), Fiji (1), India (1), Italy (2), Japan (4), Kenya (1), Mexico (1), Morocco (4), Panama (5), Portugal (2), South Africa (2), Spain (2), Taiwan (1), United States (7: Florida, Louisiana), Vanuatu (2)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of Guam (1), Malaysia (3)

• Pliocene of Australia (1), Chile (3), Costa Rica (6), the Dominican Republic (6), Ecuador (11), Fiji (2), India (1), Indonesia (1), Italy (2), Jamaica (5), Japan (4), New Zealand (1), Panama (11), Papua New Guinea (1), Spain (5), United States (1: Oregon), Venezuela (8)

• Miocene to Pliocene of the Dominican Republic (5)

• Miocene of Algeria (1), Australia (3), Austria (1), Belgium (9), Brazil (2), Chile (11), Colombia (4), Costa Rica (2), Denmark (1), the Dominican Republic (60), Fiji (2), France (5), Germany (28), Greece (2), Grenada (7), Guam (1), India (6), Indonesia (1), Iran (1), Italy (12), Japan (4), Mexico (1), the Netherlands (2), New Zealand (12), Pakistan (3), Panama (34), Poland (1), Romania (1), Sri Lanka (2), Trinidad and Tobago (1), United States (9: Alaska, Florida, Maryland), Venezuela (5)

• Oligocene to Miocene of Australia (1)

• Oligocene of Denmark (4), Germany (1), Japan (1), the Netherlands (1), Pakistan (2), Panama (4), United States (14: Florida, Mississippi, North Carolina, Washington)

• Eocene to Oligocene of United States (9: Oregon)

• Eocene of Bulgaria (1), Egypt (1), France (2), Jamaica (1), New Zealand (1), Pakistan (1), Trinidad and Tobago (1), the United Kingdom (2), United States (58: Alabama, California, Florida, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oregon, South Carolina, Texas, Washington)

Total: 456 collections including 512 occurrences

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