Superfamily Vermetoidea Rafinesque 1815 (snail)

Gastropoda - Vermetoidea

Parent taxon: Littorinimorpha according to P. Jeffery 2003

See also Beesley 1998, Bouchet et al. 2005, Ponder and Warén 1988 and Todd 2001

Sister taxa: Calyptraeoidea, Capuloidea, Cingulopsoidea, Cypraeoidea, Discopoda, Ficoidea, Littorinoidea, Naticoidea, Pterotracheoidea, Stromboidea, Tonnoidea, Vanikoroidea, Velutinoidea, Xenophoroidea

Subtaxa: Vermetidae

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Ecology: stationary epifaunal suspension feeder

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Australia (2 collections), Barbados (1), Bermuda (7), Brazil (1), Canada (3: Newfoundland and Labrador, Nunavut), Cape Verde (1), Cayman Islands (1), China (2), Costa Rica (4), Cuba (1), Ecuador (1), Eritrea (2), France (1), French Polynesia (4), Haiti (1), Italy (10), Jamaica (1), Japan (5), the Marshall Islands (2), Mauritius (1), Mexico (15), Morocco (6), Panama (2), Portugal (2), Saudi Arabia (1), the Seychelles (2), South Africa (3), Spain (7), United States (28: California, Florida, Hawaii, North Carolina, South Carolina), Vanuatu (1), Venezuela (1)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of United States (1: Florida)

• Pliocene of Antarctica (3), Belgium (1), Colombia (4), Costa Rica (7), Cyprus (1), the Dominican Republic (17), Ecuador (2), Fiji (1), Greece (2), India (1), Indonesia (6), Italy (5), Jamaica (4), Japan (1), Mexico (2), Panama (14), South Africa (3), Spain (3), Trinidad and Tobago (7), the United Kingdom (2), United States (25: California, Florida, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia), Venezuela (13)

• Miocene to Pliocene of the Dominican Republic (9)

• Miocene of Algeria (10), Argentina (2), Australia (2), Austria (9), Belgium (1), Brazil (4), Chile (4), Colombia (23), the Dominican Republic (57), Ecuador (2), Egypt (1), France (3), Germany (1), Greece (2), Grenada (4), India (2), Indonesia (12), Italy (8), Japan (1), the Marshall Islands (6), Moldova (2), Morocco (2), Northern Mariana Islands (1), Palau (1), Panama (29), Poland (2), Romania (1), Slovakia (2), South Africa (1), Spain (5), Trinidad and Tobago (8), United States (25: Delaware, Florida, Maryland, New Jersey, North Carolina, Rhode Island), Venezuela (9)

• Oligocene to Miocene of United States (2: Florida)

• Oligocene of France (1), Germany (1), Mexico (1), Oman (1), United States (6: Mississippi)

• Eocene of Antarctica (5), Bulgaria (3), France (3), Germany (1), Indonesia (1), Italy (1), the Netherlands (2), Panama (2), Romania (1), Spain (1), the United Kingdom (3), United States (24: Alabama, California, Louisiana, Mississippi, South Carolina, Texas)

• Paleocene of Austria (1), Egypt (1), France (1), Nigeria (1), Pakistan (1), Poland (3), United States (15: Alabama, California, Maryland, Texas, Virginia)

• Cretaceous of Germany (1), Mexico (12), Poland (5), Switzerland (2), United States (1: Tennessee)

• Jurassic of Saudi Arabia (4)

• Carboniferous of Belgium (2), the United Kingdom (1)

Total: 605 collections including 775 occurrences

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