Carcharias Rafinesque 1810 (sand shark)

Chondrichthyes - Lamniformes - Odontaspididae

Alternative spelling: Squalus (Carcharias)

Synonym: Eugomphodus Gill 1862

Parent taxon: Odontaspididae according to L. V. Compagno 2005

See also Agassiz 1835, Alessandri 1896, Antunes and Balbino 2003, Biddle 1993, Bohm 1926, Case 1981, Cicimurri and Knight 2009, Cvancara and Hoganson 1993, David 1943, Eastman 1904, Hastings and Dooley 2017, Jordan 1963, Jordan and Gilbert 1919, Kent 2018, Long 1992, Long and Stilwell 2000, Marsili et al. 2007, Miller 1967, Mors et al. 2000, Purdy et al. 2001, Shimada 1997, Siverson 1997, Szabo et al. 2017, Tabuce et al. 2005, Vicens and Rodríguez-Perea 2003 and Woodward 1889

Sister taxa: Araloselachus, Brachycarcharias, Cenocarcharias, Eostriatolamia, Lamninae, Odontaspinae, Odontaspis, Pseudodontaspis

Subtaxa: Carcharias (Odontaspis) Carcharias aculeatus Carcharias acutissima Carcharias acutus Carcharias antiquus Carcharias brachyurus Carcharias clavatus Carcharias collata Carcharias cuspidatus Carcharias eocaenus Carcharias gibbesii Carcharias gustrowensis Carcharias incidens Carcharias melanopterus Carcharias morricei Carcharias reticulata Carcharias striatula Carcharias taurus Carcharias tenuis

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Type: Carcharias melanopterus

Ecology: nektonic carnivore

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Brazil (1 collection), France (1), Taiwan (1), United States (9: Alabama, Florida, Georgia, South Carolina, Virginia)

• Pliocene of Angola (1), Argentina (1), Australia (1), Chile (1), Libya (1), the Netherlands (1), South Africa (1), Spain (4), United States (1: North Carolina)

• MN 13 of Portugal (2)

• Hemphillian of United States (1: Florida)

• Miocene to Pliocene of Panama (1), South Africa (1)

• Neogene of South Pacific (1), United States (1: California)

• Miocene of Argentina (2), Australia (7), Austria (8), Costa Rica (1), Cuba (1), the Czech Republic (2), France (10), Germany (8), Grenada (1), India (2), Italy (2), Japan (1), Malta (5), the Netherlands (2), Peru (2), Poland (2), Portugal (4), Slovakia (4), Spain (7), United States (16: California, Delaware, Florida, Maryland, New Jersey, North Carolina, Virginia)

• Oligocene to Miocene of Australia (1)

• Oligocene of Australia (4), the Czech Republic (1), Egypt (1), France (1), Germany (4), Hungary (2), Kazakhstan (1), the Netherlands (2), Romania (2), Ukraine (1), United States (2: North Carolina, South Carolina)

• Eocene of Antarctica (1), Australia (3), Canada (1: Northwest Territories), Chile (1), Egypt (14), Germany (2), Jamaica (1), Japan (1), Jordan (2), Mexico (1), New Zealand (1), Senegal (1), Ukraine (1), the United Kingdom (6), United States (7: Arkansas, Georgia, Maryland, Virginia), Uzbekistan (1), Western Sahara (3)

• Paleocene of Kazakhstan (1), Morocco (1), New Zealand (6), Sweden (2), United States (8: Illinois, Maryland, Mississippi, New Jersey, South Carolina)

• Cretaceous to Paleogene of United States (1: New Jersey)

• Cretaceous of Australia (1), Canada (3: Alberta, Saskatchewan), Chile (2), the Czech Republic (2), France (5), Jordan (1), Kazakhstan (1), Libya (1), Madagascar (1), Mexico (1), South Africa (1), Spain (1), Sweden (5), Syria (6), Ukraine (1), United States (17: Colorado, Delaware, Kansas, Maryland, Minnesota, Mississippi, Montana, North Carolina, North Dakota, South Carolina, Texas)

Total: 255 collections including 340 occurrences

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


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