Balaenoptera cephalus Cope 1867 (rorqual)

Mammalia - Balaenopteroidea - Balaenopteridae

Alternative combinations: Cetotherium cephalum, Cetotherium cephalus, Eschrichtius cephalus

Full reference: E. D. Cope. 1867. [Descriptions of Eschrichtius cephalus, Rhabdosteus latiradix, Squalodon atlanticus, and S. mento.]. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Science of Philadelphia 1867:131-132

Belongs to Balaenoptera according to M. D. Uhen et al. 2008

See also Abel 1938, Barnes and McLeod 1984, Case 1904, Cope 1867, Cope 1867, Cope 1890, Cope 1895, Hay 1902, Hay 1930, Kellogg 1968, Leidy 1869, Trouessart 1898, Trouessart 1904 and Weems and Edwards 2007

Sister taxa: Balaenoptera acutorostrata, Balaenoptera andrejewi, Balaenoptera bertae, Balaenoptera bonaerensis, Balaenoptera borealis, Balaenoptera brydei, Balaenoptera davidsonii, Balaenoptera edeni, Balaenoptera fasciata, Balaenoptera grimmi, Balaenoptera musculus, Balaenoptera omurai, Balaenoptera physalus, Balaenoptera ryani, Balaenoptera siberi, Balaenoptera sursiplana

Type specimen: ANSP 12691, a partial skeleton (2 mandibuluar rami, 13 vertebrae, 4 rib fragments, and 137 misc bone fragments). Its type locality is James T. Thomas estate, which is in a Langhian offshore shelf horizon in the Calvert Formation of Maryland.

Ecology: aquatic suspension feeder

Distribution: found only at James T. Thomas estate

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