Turbinaria Oken 1815 (stony coral)

Anthozoa - Scleractinia - Dendrophylliidae

Synonyms: Tubinacis Quenstedt 1880, Turbinacis Quenstedt 1880

Parent taxon: Dendrophylliidae according to J. W. Wells 1956

See also Sepkoski 2002

Sister taxa: Aplopsammia, Areopsammia, Astroides, Balanophyllia, Bathypsammia, Blastozopsammia, Cahuzacopsammia, Calostylopsis, Dendrophyllia, Dichopsammia, Duncanopsammia, Enallopsammia, Endopachys, Endopsammia, Heteropsammia, Lamellophyllia, Leptopsammia, Lobopsammia, Makridinophyllia, Notophyllia, Paleoastroides, Reussopsammia, Rhabdopsammia, Rhizopsammia, Stereopsammia, Stichopsammia, Thecopsammia, Tubastraea, Wadeopsammia

Subtaxa: Turbinaria crater Turbinaria cyathiformis Turbinaria durhami Turbinaria frondens Turbinaria grandis Turbinaria jacksoni Turbinaria mesenterina Turbinaria peltata Turbinaria radicalis Turbinaria reniformis Turbinaria sitaensis Turbinaria stellulata Turbinaria tenuis

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Ecology: stationary intermediate-level epifaunal microcarnivore-photosymbiotic

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Australia (7 collections), Egypt (4), Japan (16), New Caledonia (2), New Zealand (4), Pakistan (1), Palau (1), Saudi Arabia (1), Sudan (1), Taiwan (1), Vanuatu (2)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of Indonesia (1)

• Pliocene of Egypt (2), Indonesia (1), Papua New Guinea (1), Taiwan (1)

• Miocene of Bulgaria (1), Fiji (3), France (12), Indonesia (2), Italy (1), New Zealand (4), Pakistan (1), Spain (1), Turkey (1)

• Oligocene of France (3), Greece (1), Iran (1), Mexico (1)

Total: 78 collections including 98 occurrences

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


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