Subfamily Carabinae Latreille 1802 (ground beetle)

Insecta - Coleoptera - Carabidae

Alternative spelling: Carabidae

Full reference: P. A. Latreille. 1802. Histoire Naturelle, Générale et Particulière des Crustacés et des Insectes, Tome Troisième 1-467

Parent taxon: Carabidae according to P. Bouchard et al. 2011

See also Brookes 1944, Hong and Wang 1990, Lawrence and Newton 1995 and LeConte 1861

Sister taxa: Agatoides, Apotomopterus, Arthropterus, Ataktosites, Bembidium, Brachininae, Brachinites, Broscinae, Carabidium, Carabites, Carabites, Carabopteron, Cavicarabus, Celeripedes, Cicindelinae, Cicindelites, Conjunctiinae, Creagris, Curtonotus, Cymindoides, Diacheila, Dyschiriodes, Elaphrinae, Elaphrotites, Fangshania, Feronites, Fonsecacarabus, Fossores, Gehringiinae, Glenopterus, Hadrocephalus, Harpalinae, Harpalomimes, Hebeicarabus, Helobium, Hemicarabus, Loricera exita, Loricerinae, Meileyingia, Metagrilium, Migadopinae, Miolebidia, Nebriinae, Nebrorabus, Neothanes, Notokistus, Omophroninae, Patrobinae, Paussinae, Platyninae, Pogonus, Procarabites, Protopaussinae, Protorabinae, Rembus, Rhopalochlaenius, Scaritinae, Siagoninae, Sinocarabus, Sphaeroderus, Stereocerus, Sunocarabus, Synuchus, Trechinae, Trechoides, Tremembecarabus, Trichocellus, Wuchangicarabus, Yunnanocarabus

Subtaxa: Atrirabus Carabini Cychrini Pamborini Tachyini

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Ecology:

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Japan (9 collections), New Zealand (1), the Russian Federation (7), Ukraine (1), the United Kingdom (3), United States (15: Alaska, California, Illinois, Pennsylvania, Washington, Wisconsin)

• Pliocene of Germany (1), United States (1: Alaska)

• Miocene of China (5), France (3), Germany (2), Greece (1), Japan (2), Mexico (1), Spain (1), Switzerland (1), United States (2: Alaska, Washington)

• Oligocene of France (10), Romania (1)

• Eocene of Germany (1), Italy (1), United States (4: Colorado)

• Cretaceous of China (1)

Total: 74 collections including 104 occurrences

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