Crassostrea virginica Gmelin 1791 (oyster)

Bivalvia - Ostreida - Ostreidae

Alternative combinations: Ostrea (Crassostrea) virginica, Ostrea virginiana, Ostrea virginica

Belongs to Crassostrea according to M. Raith et al. 2016

See also Bolton and Portell 2013, DuBar 1958, Olsson and Harbison 1953, Richards 1962, Spencer et al. 2004, Ward 1998 and Ward and Blackwelder 1987

Sister taxa: Crassostrea afra, Crassostrea alabamiensis, Crassostrea angulata, Crassostrea ashleyi, Crassostrea columbiensis, Crassostrea contracta, Crassostrea corteziensis, Crassostrea cucullaris, Crassostrea cuebana, Crassostrea cyathula, Crassostrea cymaeformis, Crassostrea gigas, Crassostrea gryphoides, Crassostrea hatcheri, Crassostrea kawauchidensis, Crassostrea patagonica, Crassostrea raincourti, Crassostrea rhizophorae, Crassostrea rutiformis, Crassostrea sikamea, Crassostrea tenera, Crassostrea titan, Crassostrea transitoria, Crassostrea vaquerosensis

Subtaxa: Crassostrea virginica auroraensis Crassostrea virginica labellensis Ostrea virginica falconensis

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Ecology: stationary epifaunal suspension feeder

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Panama (2 collections), United States (96: Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of Mexico (1), United States (1: Florida)

• Pliocene of the Dominican Republic (2), Trinidad and Tobago (3), United States (2: North Carolina, Virginia), Venezuela (2)

• Miocene of the Dominican Republic (2), United States (5: Delaware, New Jersey), Venezuela (10)

• Oligocene to Miocene of Haiti (1)

• Paleocene of India (1)

Total: 128 collections each including a single occurrence

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


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