†subtribe Borophagina Wang et al. 1999 (bone-crushing dog)

Mammalia - Carnivora - Canidae

Full reference: X. Wang, R. H. Tedford, and B. E. Taylor. 1999. Phylogenetic systematics of the Borophaginae (Carnivora: Canidae). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 243:1-392

Parent taxon: Borophagini according to X. Wang et al. 2004

See also Wang et al. 1999

Sister taxa: Aelurodontina, Cormocyon, Cynarctina, Desmocyon, Euoplocyon, Metatomarctus, Microtomarctus, Protomarctus, Psalidocyon, Tephrocyon

Subtaxa: Borophagus Carpocyon Epicyon Paratomarctus Protepicyon

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Ecology: ground dwelling carnivore-omnivore

Distribution:

• Blancan of El Salvador (1 collection), Mexico (3), United States (41: Arizona, California, Florida, Idaho, Kansas, Nebraska, Nevada, New Mexico, South Carolina, Texas, Washington)

• Pliocene of Mexico (2), United States (2: Florida, North Carolina)

• Hemphillian of Mexico (5), United States (81: Alabama, Arizona, California, Colorado, Florida, Idaho, Indiana, Kansas, Nebraska, Nevada, New Mexico, North Carolina, Oklahoma, Oregon, Texas)

• Miocene of Canada (6: Saskatchewan), El Salvador (1), Honduras (4), Mexico (4), United States (199: Arizona, California, Colorado, Florida, Idaho, Kansas, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Oregon, South Dakota, Texas, Wyoming)

Total: 349 collections including 418 occurrences

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