Tribe Mergini (seaduck)

Aves - Anseriformes - Anatidae

Alternative spelling: Merginae

Parent taxon: Anatinae according to J. Watanabe and H. Matsuoka 2015

See also Alvarez and Olson 1978, Brodkorb 1964, Chandler 1990, Emslie 1992, Gonzalez et al. 2009, Howard 1972, Howard and Barnes 1987, Lambrecht 1933, Olson and Rasmussen 2001, Zelenkov 2011, Zelenkov 2012 and Zelenkov 2017

Sister taxa: Anatini, Aythyini, Bambolinetta, Chenoanas, Chenonetta, Helonetta, Nettion, Presbychen, Querquedula, Sarkidiornis, Tadorini, Tadornini, Wasonaka

Subtaxa: Bucephala Clangula Lophodytes Melanitta Mergus Ocyplonessa Shiriyanetta Somateria

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Ecology: volant herbivore

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Canada (2: Nunavut, Quebec collections), Egypt (4), Estonia (1), Finland (1), Greenland (1), Italy (2), Japan (2), Jordan (1), New Zealand (6), Norway (2), Portugal (1), the Russian Federation (3), the United Kingdom (4), United States (55: Alabama, Alaska, California, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Maryland, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Oregon, Utah, Virginia, Wyoming)

• Blancan of United States (3: California, Florida)

• Pliocene of Slovakia (1), United States (3: Idaho, North Carolina)

• Miocene of Hungary (1), United States (6: California, Florida, Oregon, Virginia)

Total: 99 collections including 178 occurrences

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