Bolma Risso 1826 (snail)

Gastropoda - Turbinoidea - Turbinidae

Alternative spelling: Astraea (Bolma)

Parent taxon: Turbininae according to P. Bouchet et al. 2005

See also Harzhauser 2002, Kensley and Pether 1986, Ladd 1972, Ladd 1982, MacNeil 1960, Mandic et al. 2002, Marasti 1973, Sepkoski 2002 and Wilson 1993

Sister taxa: Astralium, Barbotella, Calcar, Deikella, Guildfordia, Heteroninella, Lithopoma, Pseudastralium, Pseudophasianus, Sarmaturbo, Tectariopsis, Turbo, Rothpletzella, Nummogaultina, Imperator

Subtaxa: Astraea (Bolma) granosa Bolma (Ormastralium) Bolma anoropha Bolma aureola Bolma carinata Bolma rugosus Bolma stearnsi Bolma virgata

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Ecology: epifaunal grazer

Distribution:

• Quaternary of France (1 collection), Greece (2), Italy (2), Japan (4), Morocco (1), Spain (8), Vanuatu (1)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of Guam (1)

• Pliocene of Cyprus (1), Greece (2), Italy (1), South Africa (1), Spain (7)

• Miocene to Pliocene of Japan (1)

• Miocene of Austria (7), Greece (2), Italy (4), Japan (2), Poland (1), Slovakia (3), Turkey (1)

• Oligocene of Italy (1), New Zealand (2)

• Eocene of Australia (2), New Zealand (1), Tonga (1)

Total: 60 collections including 83 occurrences

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


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