Balcis Leach 1847 (snail)

Gastropoda - Vanikoroidea - Eulimidae

Alternative spelling: Melanella (Balcis)

Parent taxon: Melanellidae according to L. W. Ward and B.W. Blackwelder 1987

See also Addicott 1970, Bartsch 1917, Hickman 1980, Ladd 1982, Sepkoski 2002, Wienrich 2001 and Woodring 1970

Sister taxa: Anteglosia, Apicalia, Asterolamia, Asterophilidae, Chileutomia, Coroniscala, Curveulima, Echineulima, Entoconchidae, Eulima, Eulitoma, Fusceulima, Hebeulima, Hemiliostraca, Hoplopteron, Hordeulima, Hypermastus, Leutzenia, Lissochilina, Margineulima, Megadenus, Melanella, Microstilifer, Mucronalia, Niso, Paedophoropodidae, Parvioris, Peasistilifer, Pelseneeria, Pictobalcis, Polygireulima, Pulicicochlea, Pyramidelloides, Rostreulima, Sabinella, Scalenostoma, Sticteulima, Stilapex, Stilifer, Stiliferidae, Thyca, Trochostilifer, Vitreobalcis, Protonema, Strombiformis, Leiostraca

Subtaxa: Balcis (Balcis) Balcis (Vitreolina) Balcis beaufortensis Balcis biconica Balcis conchita Balcis lutzi Balcis micans Balcis monicensis Balcis necropolitana Balcis oldroydae Balcis petrolia Balcis tersa

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Ecology: epifaunal carnivore

Distribution:

• Quaternary of China (2 collections), Ecuador (1), Italy (1), Japan (1), Portugal (1), United States (36: California, Florida, Louisiana, North Carolina), Vanuatu (1)

• Pliocene of Ecuador (1), Fiji (1), Mexico (3), Panama (1), Spain (1), Trinidad and Tobago (4), United States (2: North Carolina), Venezuela (1)

• Miocene of Argentina (1), the Dominican Republic (1), France (1), Germany (30), the Marshall Islands (1), the Netherlands (2), Panama (17), Poland (1), Spain (1), Trinidad and Tobago (2), United States (1: California), Venezuela (1)

• Oligocene of Denmark (1), France (1)

• Eocene of France (2), United States (27: Alabama, Louisiana, Mississippi, Oregon, South Carolina, Texas)

• Paleocene of United States (1: Alabama)

Total: 148 collections including 198 occurrences

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


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