Colubraria Schumacher 1817 (true whelk)

Gastropoda - Neogastropoda - Buccinidae

Synonyms: Cumia Bivona-Bernardi 1838, Epidromus Mörch 1852, Obex Iredale 1925, Ratifusus Iredale 1929

Parent taxon: Buccinidae according to A. G. Beu 2005

See also Beu et al. 1990, Gardner 1947, Gardner 1948, Ladd 1982, Rosenberg et al. 2006, Sepkoski 2002, Todd 2001 and Wilson 1994

Sister taxa: Accidenticulabrum, Aeneator, Agasoma, Aliofusus, Amarophos, Ancistrolepis, Antillophos, Aplus, Austrocominella, Austrofusus, Babylonia, Bailya, Beringiinae, Bolis, Brachysphingus, Buccininae, Buccinopsis, Buccinulum, Buccinum, Burnupena, Caducifer, Calicantharus, Cantharus, Chrysodomus, Clinopegma, Colinae, Colus, Cominella, Cymatophos, Cyrtochetus, Dipsaccus, Donovaniinae, Editharus, Egotistica, Engina, Enzinopsis, Eobuccinella, Euthrenopsis, Euthria, Gemophos, Hanetia, Hindsia, Iredalula, Janiopsis, Kaiparanura, Kelletia, Khetella, Lacinia, Laevibuccinum, Latrunculus, Loochooia, Metaphos, Metula, Monoptygma, Monostiolum, Nassa, Nassicola, Nawenia, Neosconsia, Nicema, Northia, Odontobasis, Pangoa, Paracominia, Pareuthria, Parvisipho, Pegocomptus, Penion, Perunassa, Phos, Pisania, Pisaniinae, Pomahakia, Proneptunea, Prosipho, Pseudofulgur, Pseudolivinae, Pseudoneptunea, Ptychosalpinx, Savatieria, Scalaspira, Searlesia, Siphonalia, Siphonalinae, Siphonofusus, Stantonella, Suessionia, Suessonia, Terebrifusus, Trominina, Truncaria, Varicosipho, Volutopsiinae, Wrigleya, Zelandiella

Subtaxa: Epidromus citharellus Epidromus nodulatus Obex texturatus Obex turritus Ratifusus clitharellus Ratifusus leptoskeles Ratifusus tasmanicus Ratifusus tenuicostatus

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Ecology: epifaunal carnivore

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Costa Rica (1 collection), Fiji (1), Panama (1), Vanuatu (1)

• Pliocene of Haiti (1), Japan (2), United States (1: North Carolina)

• Miocene of Brazil (4), France (1), Grenada (1), Hungary (1), Italy (1), Trinidad and Tobago (1)

• Eocene of France (1), New Zealand (1)

• Paleocene of United States (2: California, Texas)

Total: 21 collections including 41 occurrences

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


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