Cypraea Linnaeus 1758 (cowry)

Gastropoda - Cypraeoidea - Cypraeidae

Synonyms: Cypraea (Pantherinaria) Sacco 1890, Pantherinaria Sacco 1890, Vulgusella Jousseaume 1884 [objective synonym]

Full reference: C. Linnaeus. 1758. Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, Secundum Classes, Ordines, Genera, Species, cum Characteribus, Differentiis, Synonymis, Locis. Editio Decima 1:1-824

Parent taxon: Cypraeinae according to A. J. W. Hendy 2007

See also Bouchet 2015, Dolin 2015, Dolin and Lozouet 2004, Gardner 1947, Gardner 1948, Harzhauser and Mandic 2001, Ladd 1977, Ladd 1982, MacNeil 1960, Mansfield 1925, Meyer 2003, Olsson 1931, Rafinesque 1815, Sepkoski 2002 and Wilson 1993

Sister taxa: Cypraeini, Jousseaumea, Leporicypraea, Macrocypraea, Mauritia, Muracypraea, Plaziatia, Praerosaria, Prozonarina, Schilderia, Subepona, Talparia, Zonarina

Subtaxa: Cypraea (Austrocypraea) Cypraea (Bernayia) Cypraea (Bistolida) hirundo Cypraea (Bistolida) kieneri Cypraea (Conocypraea) Cypraea (Cribrarula) Cypraea (Cribrarula) cribraria Cypraea (Cypraea) Cypraea (Cypropterina) Cypraea (Luponia) Cypraea (Notocypraea) Cypraea boucheti Cypraea flaveola Cypraea oakvillensis Cypraea ohiroi Cypraea pantherina Cypraea pediculus Cypraea pennae Cypraea problematica Cypraea sulcosa Cypraea tigris

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Type: Cypraea (Cypraea) tigris

Ecology: epifaunal omnivore-grazer

Distribution:

• Quaternary of the Bahamas (2 collections), Cayman Islands (2), Costa Rica (1), Djibouti (1), Egypt (1), Eritrea (2), India (2), Japan (3), Saudi Arabia (1), Sudan (1), United States (4: Florida, Hawaii)

• Pliocene of the Dominican Republic (2), Fiji (1), Japan (1), Mexico (2), South Africa (1), Trinidad and Tobago (2)

• Miocene to Pliocene of Australia (1), the Dominican Republic (1)

• Miocene of Algeria (10), Australia (6), Austria (1), Brazil (7), Chile (1), Colombia (1), Cuba (3), the Dominican Republic (1), Ecuador (1), France (1), Guam (1), Hungary (1), Indonesia (3), Iran (1), Italy (1), Jamaica (1), Japan (7), Libya (1), Moldova (3), Morocco (3), New Zealand (1), Northern Mariana Islands (3), Poland (1), Somalia (4), Spain (2), United States (1: Florida), Vanuatu (1)

• Oligocene of Austria (1), Costa Rica (1), Jamaica (2), New Zealand (1)

• Eocene of France (2), Italy (2), Jamaica (4), the Marshall Islands (1), New Zealand (1), Panama (2), Peru (1), the United Kingdom (2), United States (18: California, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Washington)

• Paleocene of Egypt (1), Nigeria (1), Poland (3), United States (7: Alabama, California, Georgia, Mississippi, Texas)

• Cretaceous of United States (1: Alabama)

Total: 149 collections including 169 occurrences

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


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