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Phocoena phocoena (harbor porpoise)

Mammalia - Artiodactyla - Phocoenidae

Taxonomy
Delphinus phocoena was named by Linnaeus (1758) [No type specimen designated (Hershkovitz, 1966).]. It is extant. It is the type species of Delphinus.

It was corrected as Delphinus phocaena by Fischer (1829) and Gervais (1852); it was synonymized subjectively with Phocaena communis by Gray (1846); it was recombined as Phocaena phocaena by Trouessart (1904), Thomas (1911) and Hay (1930); it was misspelled as Delphinus phocaena by Nilsson (1847); it was recombined as Phocoena phocoena by Cuvier (1817), Scheffer and Rice (1963), Hershkovitz (1966), Gaskin et al. (1974), Barnes (1977), Rice (1998), Mead and Brownell (2005), Fajardo-Mellor et al. (2006), Agnarsson and May-Collado (2008), Geisler et al. (2011) and Colpaert et al. (2015).

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1758Delphinus phocoena Linnaeus p. 77
1792Phocaena fuscus Kerr p. 363
1804Delphinus phocaena Lacépède p. 287
1804Delphinus ventricosus Lacépède p. 311
1817Phocaena communis Cuvier p. 279
1817Phocoena phocoena Cuvier p. 279
1829Delphinus phocaena Fischer p. 509
1842Phocaena communis De Kay p. 133
1846Phocaena communis Gray p. 30
1847Delphinus phocaena Nilsson p. 616
1850Phocaena communis Gray p. 81
1852Delphinus phocaena Gervais p. 147
1864Phocaena communis Gray p. 245
1865Phocaena brachycium Cope p. 279
1865Phocaena vomerina Gill p. 178
1865Phocaena tuberculifera Gray
1866Phocaena communis Gray p. 302
1866Phocaena tuberculifera Gray p. 304
1868Phocaena communis Gray p. 8
1869Phocaena americana Allen p. 206
1869Phocaena vomerina Scammon and Cope p. 23
1876Phocaena lineata Cope p. 134
1879Phocoena rondeletii Giglioli p. 78
1891Phocaena communis Newton p. 80
1898Phocaena communis Trouessart p. 1042
1904Phocaena phocaena Trouessart p. 769
1905Phocaena relicta Abel p. 387
1911Phocaena phocaena Thomas p. 158
1912Phocaena communis Turner p. 104
1930Phocaena phocaena Hay p. 588
1963Phocoena phocoena Scheffer and Rice p. 5
1966Phocoena phocoena Hershkovitz p. 100
1966Phocaena relicta Kudrin and Tatarinov p. 976
1974Phocoena phocoena Gaskin et al. p. 1
1977Phocoena phocoena Barnes
1998Phocoena phocoena Rice p. 123
2005Phocoena phocoena Mead and Brownell p. 736
2006Phocoena phocoena Fajardo-Mellor et al. p. 911
2008Phocoena phocoena Agnarsson and May-Collado p. 981 figs. Fig. 5
2011Phocoena phocoena Geisler et al. p. 6 figs. Table 1
2015Phocoena phocoena Colpaert et al. p. 9 figs. Figure 8

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Synapsida()
RankNameAuthor
Therapsida()
infraorderCynodontia()
Epicynodontia
infraorderEucynodontia
Probainognathia
Mammaliamorpha
Mammaliaformes
classMammalia
orderArtiodactyla()
Cetacea()
Pelagiceti
Neoceti
Odontoceti()
infraorderDelphinida
superfamilyDelphinoidea
familyPhocoenidae()
genusPhocoena(Cuvier 1816)
speciesphocoena()

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available