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Palaeospheniscus patagonicus

Reptilia - Avetheropoda

Taxonomy
Palaeospheniscus patagonicus was named by Moreno and Mercerat (1891). Its type specimen is Museo de La Plata, a set of limb elements (humerus, radius, femur, tibia, tarsometatarsus), and it is a 3D body fossil. Its type locality is Cerro del Castillo, Trelew, which is in an Aquitanian/Burdigalian shallow subtidal sandstone in the Gaiman Formation of Argentina.

It was recombined as Paraptenodytes patagonicus by Acosta Hospitaleche (2005).

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1891Palaeospheniscus menzbieri Ameghino p. 447
1891Palaeospheniscus patagonicus Ameghino p. 447
1891Palaeospheniscus patagonicus Moreno and Mercerat p. 16 figs. Plate I, Fig. 7-9, 12-13, 15-16, 21, 25, 27, Plate II, Fig. 5
1891Palaeospheniscus menzbieri Moreno and Mercerat p. 17 figs. Plate I, Fig. 1, 3, 5, 6, 10, 11, 14, 17, 22, 24: Plate II, Fig. 6
1891Palaeospheniscus patagonicus Moreno and Mercerat p. 33
1905Palaeospheniscus patagonicus Ameghino p. 99
1905Palaeospheniscus menzbieri Ameghino p. 103
1905Palaeospheniscus interruptus Ameghino p. 104
1905Palaeospheniscus intermedius Ameghino p. 113
1905Palaeospheniscus affinis Ameghino p. 114
1933Palaeospheniscus menzbieri Lambrecht p. 226
1933Palaeospheniscus patagonicus Lambrecht p. 226
1933Palaeospheniscus intermedius Lambrecht p. 227
1933Palaeospheniscus interruptus Lambrecht p. 227
1933Palaeospheniscus affinis Lambrecht p. 228
1946Palaeospheniscus affinis Simpson p. 27
1946Palaeospheniscus intermedius Simpson p. 27
1946Palaeospheniscus interruptus Simpson p. 27
1946Palaeospheniscus menzbieri Simpson p. 27
1946Palaeospheniscus patagonicus Simpson p. 28
1963Palaeospheniscus patagonicus Brodkorb p. 236
1963Palaeospheniscus menzbieri Brodkorb p. 237
1972Palaeospheniscus patagonicus Simpson p. 7
2005Paraptenodytes patagonicus Acosta Hospitaleche p. 407
2007Palaeospheniscus patagonicus Acosta Hospitaleche
2008Palaeospheniscus patagonicus Acosta Hospitaleche et al. p. 568 figs. Figure 3-4
2008Palaeospheniscus patagonicus Acosta Hospitaleche and Tambussi p. 117

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Sauropsida
classReptilia
subclassEureptilia()
Romeriida
Diapsida()
Eosuchia()
Neodiapsida
SauriaGauthier 1984
RankNameAuthor
Archosauromorpha(Huene 1946)
Crocopoda
ArchosauriformesGauthier 1986
Eucrocopoda
Archosauria()
informalAvemetatarsalia
Ornithodira
Dinosauromorpha
Dinosauriformes
Dinosauria()
Saurischia()
Theropoda()
Neotheropoda
AverostraPaul 2002
Tetanurae
orderAvetheropoda
suborderCoelurosauria
Maniraptora
Paraves
classAves
orderSphenisciformesSharpe 1891
subfamilyPalaeospheniscinae
genusPalaeospheniscus
speciespatagonicus

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
ReferenceDiagnosis
C. Acosta Hospitaleche and C. Tambussi 2008Tarsometatarsus. Intermediate in robustness and size between P. bergi and P. biloculata, with a total length between 38 and 40 mm. Development of the hypotarsus just larger than in P. bergi.