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Gastropoda - Heterostropha - Ringiculidae

  • Auricula was named by Lamarck (1799). It is extant.

    It was replaced with Ringicula by Wood (1848).
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1799Auricula Lamarck
1838Ringicula Deshayes
1925Ringicula Mansfield p. 9
1944Ringicula Durham p. 188
1953Ringicula Olsson and Harbison p. 165
1958Ringicula DuBar p. 184
1960Ringicula MacNeil p. 126
1964Ringicula Sohl p. 293
1987Ringicula Ward and Blackwelder p. 132
1999Ringicula Squires p. 22
2001Ringicula Harzhauser and Mandic p. 716
2001Ringicula Todd
2002Ringicula Sepkoski, Jr.
2007Ringicula Wienrich and Janssen p. 772
2012Ringicula Gründel and Nützel p. 50

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EubilateriaAx 1987
classGastropodaCuvier 1797
orderArchitectibranchiaHaszprunar 1985
superfamilyActeonoidead'Orbigny 1835
familyRingiculidaePhilippi 1853
genusRingiculaDeshayes 1838

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

J. Gründel and A. Nützel 2012Shell with distinctly elevated spire; protoconch medioaxial to coaxial, consisting of 1.5 visible whorls; shell covered with spiral furrows which can be pitted by intersections with strengthened growth lines; narrow ramp may be present; aperture with convex outer lip, acute posteriorly, with distinct anterior notch; outer lip of mature specimens strongly thickened with an exterior bulge and internal thickenings and sometimes dentations; inner lip with callus, distinctly broadened, covering the centre of the base; columellar portion of inner lip with one strong fold, parietal portion with two strong folds; columellar fold forms border of anterior notch.