Classification of Livezey and Zusi 2007

Avialae Gauthier 1986 [avialan]
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Infracl. Aves Linnaeus 1758 [bird]
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Eoaves Sibley 1988
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Or. †Lithornithiformes Houde 1988
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Fm. †Lithornithidae Houde 1988
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G. †Lithornis Owen 1840
Neornithes Gadow 1893
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Neognathae Pycraft 1900
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Galloanserae Sibley and Ahlquist 1990
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Or. Anseriformes Wagler 1831 [waterfowl]
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Subor. Anhimae Wetmore and Miller 1926
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Fm. Anhimidae Stejneger 1885
Subor. Anseres Linnaeus 1758
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Superfm. Anatoidea Leach 1820
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Fm. Anatidae Vigors 1825
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Subfm. Anatinae Vigors 1825 [duck]
Subfm. Anserinae Vigors 1825 [goose]
Fm. †Presbyornithidae Wetmore 1926
Superfm. Anseranatoidea Sclater 1880
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Fm. Anseranatidae Sclater 1880
Or. †Diatrymiformes Matthew and Granger 1917
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Fm. †Diatrymatidae Shufeldt 1913
Or. †Dromornithiformes Fürbringer 1888
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Fm. †Dromornithidae Fürbringer 1888
Or. Galliformes Temminck 1820 [fowl]
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Subor. Craci Sibley 1988
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Superfm. Cracoidea
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Fm. Cracidae Vigors 1825
Superfm. Megapodioidea
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Fm. Megapodiidae Lesson 1831 [megapode]
Fm. †Sylviornithidae Mourer-Chauviré and Balouet 2005
Subor. Phasiani
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Fm. Meleagrididae Gray 1840 [turkey]
Superfm. Phasianoidea
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Fm. Phasianidae Horsfield 1821 [pheasant]
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G. Gallus Brisson 1766 [junglefowl]
Subfm. Numidinae Reichenbach 1850 [guineafowl]
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G. Acryllium Gray 1840
G. Numida Linnaeus 1766 [helmeted guineafowl]
Fm. Odontophorinae Gould 1844 [New World quail]
Subfm. Perdicinae
Subfm. Phasianinae Horsfield 1821
Subfm. Tetraoninae Linnaeus 1758 [grouse]
Invalid names: Anserimorphae [invalid subgroup]
Neoaves Sibley 1988
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Natatores Baird 1858
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Pygopodotubinares Livezey and Zusi 2007
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Superor. Gaviomorphae Livezey and Zusi 2007
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Or. Gaviiformes Wetmore and Miller 1926 [loon]
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Fm. Gaviidae Allen 1897
Or. Podicipediformes Fürbringer 1888 [grebe]
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Fm. Podicipedidae Bonaparte 1831
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Or. Procellariiformes Fürbringer 1888
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Fm. Pelecanoididae Gray 1871
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Superfm. Oceanitoidea
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Fm. Oceanitidae Forbes 1882
Superfm. Procellarioidea Stejneger 1885
Or. Sphenisciformes Sharpe 1891 [penguin]
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Fm. Spheniscidae Bonaparte 1831
Steganograllatores Livezey and Zusi 2007
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Or. Ardeiformes Wagler 1831
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Fm. Ardeidae Leach 1820 [heron]
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Subfm. Ardeinae
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Tr. Ardeini Bock 1956
Subfm. Nycticoracini Bonaparte 1854
Subfm. Botaurinae Bock 1956
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Tr. Tigriornithini Bock 1956
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G. Tigrisoma Swainson 1827
Fm. Cochleariidae Ridgway 1887
Or. Ciconiiformes Bonaparte 1854
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Subor. Ciconiae
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Superfm. Ciconioidea
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Fm. Ciconiidae Sundevall 1836 [stork]
Fm. Phoenicopteridae Bonaparte 1838 [flamingo]
Invalid names: Phoenicopteriformes Howard 1955 [invalid subgroup]
Superfm. Threskiornithoidea Lambrecht 1933
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Fm. Plataleidae Bonaparte 1838 [spoonbill]
Fm. Threskiornithidae Richmond 1917 [ibis]
Subor. Scopi
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G. Scopus Brisson 1760
Superor. Pelecanimorphae Huxley 1867
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Or. Balaenicipitiformes Sclater 1924 [schoebill]
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Fm. Balaenicipitidae Bonaparte 1853 [shoebill]
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G. Balaeniceps Gould 1850
Or. †Odontopterygiformes Howard 1957
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Fm. †Odontopterygidae Lydekker 1891
Or. Pelecaniformes Sharpe 1891
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Subor. Phaethontes Sharpe 1891
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Fm. Phaethontidae Brandt 1831 [tropicbird]
Subor. †Steganopodes
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Infraor. Fregatides
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Superfm. Fregatoidea
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Fm. Fregatidae Garrod 1874 [frigatebird]
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G. Fregata Lacépède 1799
Infraor. Pelecanides
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Fm. Pelecanidae Vigors 1825 [pelican]
Sulida Reichenbach 1849
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Fm. Anhingidae Ridgway 1887 [darter]
Fm. Phalacrocoracidae Reichenbach 1850 [cormorant]
Superfm. †Suloidea
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Fm. Sulidae Reichenbach 1849 [booby]
Terrestrornithes Livezey and Zusi 2007
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Anomalogonates Garrod 1874
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Coccyges Huxley 1867
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Superor. Cuculimorphae Sibley 1988
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Or. Cuculiformes Wagler 1830 [cuckoo]
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Subor. Cuculi Wagler 1830
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Fm. Cuculidae Leach 1820 [cuckoo]
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Subfm. Centropodinae Horsfield 1823
Subfm. Crotophaginae Swainson 1837
Subfm. Cuculinae
Subfm. Neomorphinae Shelley 1891
Subor. Musophagi Seebohm 1890
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Fm. Musophagidae Bonaparte 1831
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Fm. Opisthocomidae Swainson 1837
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G. Opisthocomus Illiger 1811
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Or. Columbiformes Latham 1790 [dove]
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Subor. Columbae
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Fm. Columbidae Illiger 1811
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Subfm. Columbinae Illiger 1811
Subfm. †Didunculinae Gray 1848
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G. Didunculus Peale 1848
Subfm. †Gourinae Gray 1840
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G. Goura Stephens 1819
Fm. †Raphidae Wetmore 1930
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G. †Pezophaps Strickland 1848
G. †Raphus Brisson 1760
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Fm. Pteroclidae Bonaparte 1831 [sandgrouse]
Or. Psittaciformes Wagler 1830 [parrot]
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Fm. Cacatuidae Gray 1840 [cockatoo]
Fm. Loriinidae Selby 1836
Fm. Psittacidae Illiger 1811 [parrot]
Incessores Baird 1858
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Superor. Cypselomorphae Huxley 1867
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Or. Apodiformes Peters 1940 [swift]
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Subor. †Apodi
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Fm. Apodidae Hartert 1897 [swift]
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Subfm. Apodinae Hartert 1897
Subfm. Cypselinae Bonaparte 1838
Fm. Trochilidae Vigors 1825 [hummingbird]
Subor. Hemiprocni Livezey and Zusi 2007
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Fm. Hemiprocnidae Oberholser 1906
Or. Caprimulgiformes Ridgway 1881 [nightjar]
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Subor. Aegotheli Sibley 1988
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Fm. Aegothelidae Bonaparte 1853 [owlet-nightjar]
Subor. Caprimulgi Ridgway 1888
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Fm. Caprimulgidae Vigors 1825
Fm. Nyctibiidae Chenu and des Murs 1851
Fm. Podargidae Gray 1847 [frogmouth]
Fm. Steatornithidae Bonaparte 1842 [oilbird]
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G. Steatornis Humboldt 1817
Picoclamatores Livezey and Zusi 2007
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Superor. Passerimorphae Sibley 1988
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Or. Coraciiformes Forbes 1884
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Subor. Bucerotes Fürbringer 1888
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Infraor. Bucerotides
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Fm. Bucerotidae Rafinesque 1815 [hornbill]
Infraor. Upupides
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Fm. Phoeniculidae Sclater 1924
Fm. Upupidae Bonaparte 1831
Invalid names: Upupiformes [invalid subgroup]
Subor. Coracii Wetmore and Miller 1926
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Infraor. Coraciides
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Fm. Brachypteraciidae Bonaparte 1854 [ground roller]
Superfm. Coracioidea
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Fm. Coraciidae Vigors 1825 [roller]
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Fm. Leptosomidae Bonaparte 1850
Infraor. Meropides
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Fm. Meropidae Vigors 1825
Subor. †Halcyones
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Superfm. Alcedinoidea
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Fm. Alcedinidae Rafinesque 1815 [kingfisher]
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Subfm. Alcedininae Bonaparte 1831
Subfm. Halcyoninae Vigors 1825
Fm. Todidae Vigors 1825
Superfm. Motmotoidea
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Fm. Motmotidae Gray 1840 [motmot]
Or. Passeriformes Linnaeus 1758 [perching bird]
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Subor. Menurae
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Fm. Menuridae Lesson 1828 [lyrebird]
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G. Menura Bonaparte 1851
Subor. Passeres Linnaeus 1758
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Infraor. Passerides
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Corvida Sibley 1988
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Fm. Corvidae Vigors 1825
Fm. Ptilonorhynchidae Gray 1841
Passerida Sibley 1988 [songbird]
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Fm. Bombycillidae Swainson 1831
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G. Bombycilla Vieillot 1807
Fm. Paridae Vigors 1825
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G. Parus Linnaeus 1758 [tit]
Fm. Passeridae Illiger 1811
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G. Passer Brisson 1760 [sparrow]
Infraor. Tyrannides Sibley 1988
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Fm. Pittidae Swainson 1831
Fm. Tyrannidae Vigors 1825 [tyrant flycatcher]
Or. Piciformes Meyer and Wolf 1810
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Subor. Galbulae Vigors 1825
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Fm. Bucconidae Boie 1826
Fm. Galbulidae Bonaparte 1831
Subor. Pici Linnaeus 1758
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Superfm. Capitonoidea
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Fm. Capitonidae Bonaparte 1840 [barbet]
Fm. Rhamphastidae Vigors 1825 [toucan]
Superfm. Picoidea
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Fm. Indicatoridae Swainson 1837 [honeyguide]
Fm. Picidae Vigors 1825 [woodpecker]
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Subfm. Jynginae Bonaparte 1838
Subfm. Picinae Bonaparte 1838
Trogones Livezey and Zusi 2007
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Superor. Trogonomorphae Livezey and Zusi 2007
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Or. Coliiformes Murie 1872 [mousebird]
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Fm. Coliidae Swainson 1837
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G. Colius Brisson 1760 [mousebird]
Or. †Sandcoleiformes Houde and Olson 1992
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Fm. †Sandcoleidae Houde and Olson 1992
Or. Trogoniformes Wetmore and Miller 1926 [trogon]
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Fm. Trogonidae Lesson 1828
Raptores Baird 1858
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Or. Falconiformes Sharpe 1874 [raptor]
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Subor. Accipitres Linnaeus 1758
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Infraor. Falconides
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Superfm. Accipitroidea
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Fm. Accipitridae Viellot 1816 [hawk]
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Subfm. Gypaetinae
Superfm. Falconoidea
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Fm. Falconidae Vigors 1824
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Subfm. Falconinae Vigors 1824
Subfm. Polyborinae Lafresnaye 1839
Fm. Pandionidae Sclater and Salvin 1873 [osprey]
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G. Pandion Savigny 1809 [osprey]
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Fm. Sagittariidae [Secretary bird]
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G. Sagittarius Hermann 1783
Subor. Cathartae
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Fm. Cathartidae Lafresnaye 1839 [New World vulture]
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Invalid names: Vulturidae Illiger 1811 [synonym]
Subor. †Teratornithi
Or. Strigiformes Wagler 1830 [owl]
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Fm. Strigidae Vigors 1825 [true owl]
Fm. Tytonidae Ridgway 1914 [barn owl]
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Subfm. Phodilinae Beddard 1898
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G. Phodilus Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire 1830
Subfm. Tytoninae Mathews 1912
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Superor. Charadriimorphae Huxley 1867
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Or. Charadriiformes Huxley 1867 [shorebird]
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Subor. Lari Sharpe 1891
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Infraor. Alcides
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Fm. Alcidae Leach 1820 [auk]
Infraor. Chionidides Sharpe 1891
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Fm. Chionididae Lesson 1828
Infraor. Larides
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Superfm. Laroidea Stejneger 1885
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Fm. Laridae Vigors 1825 [gull]
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Subfm. Larinae Bonaparte 1831
Subfm. Sterninae Bonaparte 1838 [tern]
Fm. Stercorariidae Brisson 1760 [skua]
Superfm. Rhynchopoidea
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Subor. Limicolae
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Infraor. Charadriides
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Superfm. Burhinoidea
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Fm. Burhinidae Mathews 1912 [stone-curlew]
Superfm. Charadrioidea
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Fm. Charadriidae Vigors 1825 [lapwing]
Superfm. Glareoloidea
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Fm. Glareolidae Brehm 1831
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Subfm. Cursoriinae Gray 1840
Subfm. Glareolinae Brehm 1831
Superfm. Haematopoidea
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Fm. Haematopidae Bonaparte 1838
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Subfm. Ibidorhynchinae Bonaparte 1856
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G. Ibidorhynchus Gray 1844
Fm. Recurvirostridae Bonaparte 1854
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Subfm. Himantopodinae Reichenbach 1849
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Tr. Cladorhynchini Livezey and Zusi 2007
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G. Cladorhynchus Gray 1840
Tr. Himantopodini Sibley 1988
Subfm. Recurvirostrinae Bonaparte 1831
Infraor. Dromaides
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Fm. Dromatidae Gray 1840
Infraor. Scolopacides
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Superfm. Scolopacoidea
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Fm. Phalaropodidae Bonaparte 1831
Fm. Scolopacidae Rafinesque 1815 [snipe]
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G. Heteroscelus Baird 1858
Superfm. Thinocoroidea
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Fm. Thinocoridae Gray 1845
Subor. Parrae
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Fm. Jaccanidae Stejneger 1885
Fm. Rostratulidae Ridgway 1919
Subor. Pedionomae
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Fm. Pedionomidae Gadow 1893
Or. Gruiformes Bonaparte 1854
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Subor. Cariamae Fürbringer 1888
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Infraor. Cariamides
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Superfm. Cariamoidea
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Fm. †Bathornithidae Wetmore 1933
Fm. Cariamidae Bonaparte 1853 [seriema]
Fm. †Phorusrhacidae Ameghino 1889 [terror bird]
Infraor. Otides Sibley 1988
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Fm. Otididae Gray 1840
Subor. Eurypygae
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Infraor. Eurypygides Sibley 1988
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Fm. Eurypygidae Selby 1840
Infraor. Rhynochetides Sharpe 1891
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Fm. Apterornithidae Bonaparte 1856
Fm. Rhynochetidae Newton 1868
Subor. Grues Bonaparte 1854
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Superfm. Gruoidea Stejneger 1885
Superfm. Psophioidea
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Fm. Psophiidae Bonaparte 1831
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Fm. Heliornithidae Gray 1841
Fm. Rallidae Vigors 1825 [rail]
Or. Turniciformes Sibley and Ahlquist 1990 [buttonquail]
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Fm. Mesitornithidae Wetmore 1960 [mesite]
Fm. Turnicidae Gray 1840 [buttonquail]
Superor. Palaeognathae Pycraft 1900
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Crypturi Goodchild
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Or. Tinamiformes Huxley 1872 [tinamou]
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Fm. Tinamidae Gray 1840 [tinamou]
Ratitae Merrem 1813
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Or. Apterygiformes [kiwi]
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Fm. Apterygidae Gray 1840
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Fm. †Dinornithidae Bonaparte 1853
Superor. Casuariimorphae Livezey and Zusi 2007
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Or. Casuariiformes [cassowary]
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Fm. Casuariidae Kaup 1847
Fm. Dromaiidae Richmond 1908
Superor. Struthionimorphae Livezey and Zusi 2007
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Fm. †Aepyornithidae Bonaparte 1853 [elephant bird]
Or. Struthioniformes Latham 1790
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Fm. Rheidae Bonaparte 1849 [rhea]
Fm. Struthionidae Vigors 1825 [ostrich]
Invalid names: Rheiformes [synonym]
Ornithurae Haeckel 1866
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Superor. †Odontoholomorphae
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Or. †Hesperornithiformes Fürbringer 1888
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Fm. †Hesperornithidae Marsh 1872
Or. †Ichthyornithiformes Marsh 1873
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Fm. †Ichthyornithidae Marsh 1873
Palaeoaves Livezey and Zusi 2007
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Superor. †Archaeornithes Gadow 1893
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Or. †Archaeopterygiformes Furbringer 1888
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Fm. †Archaeopterygidae Huxley 1871
Or. †Confuciusornithiformes Hou et al. 1995
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Fm. †Confuciusornithidae Hou et al. 1995
Superor. †Euenantiornithes Chiappe 2002
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Or. †Apsaraviformes Livezey and Zusi 2007
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Fm. †Apsaravidae Livezey and Zusi 2007
Or. †Rahonaviformes Livezey and Zusi 2007
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Fm. †Rahonavidae Livezey and Zusi 2007
Superfm. Gruioidea Stejneger 1885
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Fm. Aramidae Bonaparte 1854 [limpkin]
Fm. Gruidae Vigors 1825 [crane]
Superfm. Procellaroidea Stejneger 1885
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Fm. Diomedeidae Gray 1840 [albatross]
Fm. Procellariidae Vigors 1825 [petrel]
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Fm. Leptosomatidae Bonaparte 1850
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G. Leptosomus Vieillot 1816