Anjihai, Dzungar Basin, Xinjian (Miocene of China)

Where: Xinjiang, China (44.0° N, 85.5° E: paleocoordinates 44.8° N, 84.1° E)

• coordinate estimated from map

When: Middle Member (Shawan Formation), Aquitanian (23.0 - 20.4 Ma)

• Early Miocene, MN2, Agenian, Xiejian. From the Middle part of the Shawan Formation (the so-called brown beds), thick continental deposits, widely distributed along the north slope of the Tianshan Mountains.


Size class: macrofossils

Collection methods: First reported in 1965.

Primary reference: Z. Qiu. 1990. The Chinese Neogene mammalian biochronology - its correlation with the European Neogene mammal zonation. In E.H. Lindsay, V. Fahlbusch and P. Mein, eds., European Neogene Mammal Chronology. Plenum Press, New York. 527-556 [A. Turner/H. O'Regan/H. O'Regan]more details

Purpose of describing collection: biostratigraphic analysis

PaleoDB collection 42063: authorized by Alan Turner, entered by Hannah O'Regan on 23.07.2004

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• The 'Lophomeryx specimen is so high-crowned and progressive that its identification should be considered tentative. A new genus is likely to be established for it.' The Dzungarotherium specimen is huge 'probably the largest giant rhinoceros ever found.'
 Perissodactyla - Paraceratheriidae
Dzungariotherium sp. Chiu 1973 odd-toed ungulate
 Ungulata - Lophiomerycidae
"Lophiomeryx" sp. Pomel 1853 ruminant
see note.