La Rinconada, Ribesalbes (MPV IVEI collection) (Miocene of Spain)

Where: Castellon, Spain (40.0° N, 0.3° W: paleocoordinates 40.0° N, 1.9° W)

• coordinate estimated from map

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: Early/Lower Miocene (23.0 - 16.0 Ma)

Environment/lithology: lacustrine - large; lithified, carbonaceous shale

• Eastern Iberian rift system. From the late Oligocene and during the Neogene both strike-slip and extensional regimes alternated and coexisted, giving rise to a number of fault-bounded basins. Deep lacustrine sequences ranging from 100 up to 250 m thick were deposited in all the above mentioned basins. The organic-rich sequences are characterized by thin lamination, absence of bioturbation, rare benthonic fauna (if present, it is supplied from other parts of the basin) and excellent preservation of "exotic" fossils (plant leaves, insects, amphibians). The suitable depth conditions needed for permanent stratification in the water bodies and anoxia in the deeper parts of the lakes, were due essentially to increasing subsidence outstripping deposition.
• Laminated oil shales

Size class: macrofossils

Preservation: mold/impression

Collected in 1993, 1994

• Repositories: Museo Paleontológico Municipal de Valencia, collected in a project financed by Institució Valenciana d'Estudis i Investigació (I.V.E.I) and given numbers RIBES-.

Primary reference: E. Peñalver, A. Nel, and X. Martínez-Delclòs. 1996. Insectos del Mioceno inferior de Ribesalbes (Castellón, España). Paleoptera y Neoptera poli- y paraneoptera. Treballs del Museu de Geologia de Barcelona 5:15-95 [M. Clapham/M. Clapham]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 140798: authorized by Matthew Clapham, entered by Matthew Clapham on 17.03.2013

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

 Hemiptera - Aphrophoridae
Aphrophora sp. Germar 1821 spittle bug
RIBES 87, 104
 Thysanoptera - Thripidae
Thripidae indet. Stevens 1829 thrips
RIBES 52, 53, 57, 82, 83, 84, 85, 137
 Psocodea - Mesopsocidae
cf. Mesopsocus sp. Kolbe 1880 bark louse
 Hymenoptera - Formicidae
Formicidae indet. Latreille 1802 ant
RIBES 45, 62, 71, 73, 89, 90
 Hymenoptera - Pteromalidae
Pteromalidae indet. Haliday 1833 chalcid wasp
 Odonata -
Zygoptera indet. Selys-Longchamps 1854 damselfly
 Odonata - Aeshnidae
Aeshnidae indet. Leach 1815 darner dragonfly