Bachatsk Quarry (Pleistocene of Russian Federation)

Where: Siberia, Russian Federation (54.0° N, 86.0° E: paleocoordinates 54.1° N, 86.0° E)

When: Sagarlyk Formation, Early/Lower Pleistocene (2.6 - 0.8 Ma)

• In the Late Cenozoic an almost continuous sequence of Quaternary sediments, over 150 m thick, ranging from the beginning of the Early Pleistocene to the Holocene, was accumulated in this area.

Environment/lithology: terrestrial; coal and sandy claystone

• The Panthera mandible IGM-519 was found in the Bachatsk Quarry, in the section represented by sediments of 2 extremely diachronous and lithologically-different subaqueous formations. Very compact gray–green sandy clays of Sagarlyk Fm are overlain with a significant hiatus by the lacustrine–alluvial gray–blue plastic clays of the Kedrovka Fm. The subaerial deposits of the Sergeevo Fm separating these subaqueous sequences in the complete sections are missing in this outcrop.

Size class: macrofossils

Preservation: permineralized, replaced with other

Primary reference: M. V. Sotnikova and I. V. Foronova. 2014. First Asian record of Panthera (Leo) fossilis (Mammalia, Carnivora, Felidae) in the Early Pleistocene of Western Siberia, Russia. Integrative Zoology 9(4):517-530 [M. Uhen/G. Halstead-Johnson]more details

Purpose of describing collection: general faunal/floral analysis

PaleoDB collection 188681: authorized by Mark Uhen, entered by Guinevive Halstead-Johnson on 12.09.2017

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Mammalia
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
"Equus suessenbornensis" = Equus (Sussemionus) suessenbornensis Wüst 1901 horse
 Carnivora - Felidae
 Proboscidea - Elephantidae
"Archidiskodon meridionalis" = Mammuthus meridionalis
"Archidiskodon meridionalis" = Mammuthus meridionalis Nesti 1825 mammoth