Süd excavation, Profen opencast mine (Eocene to of Germany)

Where: Germany (51.1° N, 12.2° E: paleocoordinates 49.6° N, 7.7° E)

• coordinate estimated from map

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: Zeitz Member (Borna Formation), Bartonian to Bartonian (41.3 - 33.9 Ma)

• The plant-bearing horizon is part of the underlying layer of the main lignite seam complex of the Cenozoic Leipzig Embayment corresponding to the uppermost part of the Zeitz Member of the Borna Formation (regional lithostratigraphy; Standke et al. 2010; Fig. 3). The sediments of the sampling horizon represent a coastal alluvial braidplain and are usually called the Luckenau Clay complex (LC). Although the LC lithostratigraphically belongs to the Zeitz Member, it is not sufficiently resolved whether it should be placed into the regional Spore-Pollen-Paleogene (SPP) zone 17/18 or into zone 18 (Krutzsch 2011; Fig. 3). The latter would imply an affiliation to the overlaying Bruckdorf Member (Standke et al. 2010). Furthermore, according to Krutzsch (2011), SPP zone 17/18 is considered to be latest Bartonian whereas zone 18 is placed into the early to middle Priabonian.

• group of beds-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: pond; lithified siltstone

• Coastal alluvial braidplain (based on lithology presumably small ponds, oxbow lakes, etc.)
• Finely laminated light to dark brownish-gray silty-clayey sediments

Size class: macrofossils

Preservation: adpression

Collected in 1999

• Repository: Senckenberg Natural History Museum Dresden

Primary reference: L. Kunzmann, C. Müller, K. Moraweck, D. Bräutigam, T. Wappler and A. Nel. 2017. First record of insects in lignite-bearing formations (upper Eocene) of the central German Leipzig Embayment. PalZ 91:315-326 [M. Clapham/M. Clapham]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 188970: authorized by Matthew Clapham, entered by Matthew Clapham on 22.09.2017

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Insecta
 Hemiptera - Aphelocheiridae
? Aphelocheirus sp. Westwood 1833 true bug
MMG PB Pf 1345
 Hymenoptera -
Aculeata indet. wasp
MMG PB Pf 1346 (Apoidea or Vespoidea)
 Dicondylia -
Coleoptera "indet. 1" Linnaeus 1758 beetle
MMG PB Pf 1359 (Hydrophilidae or Dytiscidae)
Coleoptera "indet. 2" Linnaeus 1758 beetle
MMG PB 308:1a, Pf 1351, Pf 1353 (general habitus resembles Cerambycidae: Prioninae)
 Trichoptera - Polycentropodidae
? Polycentropodidae indet. Ulmer 1906 caddisfly
MMG PB Pf 1344