Dmanisi (Pleistocene of Georgia)

Where: Georgia (41.3° N, 44.2° E: paleocoordinates 41.3° N, 45.0° E)

When: Early/Lower Pleistocene (2.6 - 0.8 Ma)

• The presence of the gallinaceous bird, Gallus dmanisiensis, suggests the existence of a plain at the foothills of a mountainous landscape, most probably with bush cover (Bendukidze and Burchak, 2001).

Environment/lithology: fluvial; volcaniclastic sediments

• The fossil bone concentrations at the site of Dmanisi were accumulated in a broad river valley whose floor consisted of basalts and volcanoclastic alluvials, near to the confluence of two successively incising river branches (Dzaparidze et al., 1989).

Size class: macrofossils

Primary reference: H. Hemmer, R.-D. Kahlke, and A. K. Vekua. 2011. The cheetah Acinonyx pardinensis (Croizet et Jobert, 1828) at the hominin site of Dmanisi (Georgia)--A potential prime meat supplier in Early Pleistocene ecosystems. Quaternary Science Review 30:2703-2714 [M. Uhen/G. Halstead-Johnson/M. Uhen]more details

Purpose of describing collection: general faunal/floral analysis

PaleoDB collection 189020: authorized by Mark Uhen, entered by Guinevive Halstead-Johnson on 27.09.2017, edited by Mark Uhen

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

 Galliformes - Phasianidae
 Carnivora - Felidae
Acinonyx pardinensis Croizet and Jobert 1828 cheetah