Karamaidan (Pliocene of Tajikistan)

Where: Tajikistan (37.3° N, 69.0° E: paleocoordinates 37.5° N, 68.8° E)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

When: Kairubak suite Formation, Pliocene (5.3 - 2.6 Ma)

• Upper Pliocene, Middle Villafranchian, MN17. In the Kuruksay formation, at the base of the loess-palaeosol formation that appears to start at 2.5Ma in China. Palaeomagentic data indicate the lower part of the Matuyama Chron.


Size class: macrofossils

Collection methods: Two localities, one in the upper part of the river, another in the lower.

Primary reference: M.V. Sotnikova, A.E. Dodonov, and A.V. Pen'kov. 1997. Upper Cenozoic bio-magnetic stratigraphy of Central Asian mammalian localities. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 133:243-258 [A. Turner/H. O'Regan/H. O'Regan]more details

Purpose of describing collection: biostratigraphic analysis

PaleoDB collection 34395: authorized by Alan Turner, entered by Hannah O'Regan on 29.08.2003

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

 Primates - Cercopithecidae
Papio sp. Erxleben 1777 baboon
 Perissodactyla - Rhinocerotidae
Stephanorhinus cf. etruscus Falconer 1868 rhinoceros
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
Equus ex gr. stenonis Cocchi 1867 horse
 Carnivora - Ursidae
Ursus cf. etruscus Cuvier 1823 bear
 Carnivora - Canidae
Canis sp. Linnaeus 1758 canine
 Artiodactyla - Camelidae
Paracamelus sp. Schlosser 1903 camel
 Artiodactyla - Bovidae
 Artiodactyla - Cervidae
Cervus sp. Linnaeus 1758 deer