Zil'fi (Pliocene to of Tajikistan)

Also known as Yakhabed

Where: Zulfi, Tajikistan (38.6° N, 69.1° E: paleocoordinates 38.7° N, 69.0° E)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

When: Kairubak suite Formation, Pliocene to Pliocene (5.3 - 0.0 Ma)

• Normally magnetised deposits, either the Olduvai or Reunion Subchron. Plio-Pleistocene. On the border between the Kuruksay (= Kuruksai) and Kairubak suites. MN17.


• proluvial sediments, consisting of layers of alternating coarse gravel and aleurite. The thickness of each layer is 6-7m, the total thickness of the sediments is 20m. The bone-bearing horizon is 1m thick and extends 5-6m horizontally.

Size class: macrofossils

Collection methods: bulk,

• Found in 1962, excavated since 1971. The faunal lists are very different, as it was excavated by two different teams, both lists have been entered, the only overlap is Equus stenonis.

Primary reference: M.V. Sotnikova, A.E. Dodonov, and A.V. Pen'kov. 1997. Upper Cenozoic bio-magnetic stratigraphy of Central Asian mammalian localities. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 133:243-258 [A. Turner/H. O'Regan/H. O'Regan]more details

Purpose of describing collection: biostratigraphic analysis

PaleoDB collection 34434: authorized by Alan Turner, entered by Hannah O'Regan on 01.09.2003

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

 Rodentia - Cricetidae
Promimomys sp. Kretzoi 1955 mouse
 Perissodactyla - Rhinocerotidae
Dicerorhinus sp. Gloger 1841 rhinoceros
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
Equus ex gr. stenonis Cocchi 1867 horse
Equus stenonis pamirensis
 Carnivora - Canidae
Vulpes sp. Frisch 1775 fox
Canis cf. etruscus Forsyth Major 1877 canine
Nyctereutes sp. Temminck 1839 raccoon dog
 Carnivora - Hyaenidae
Chasmaporthetes sp. Hay 1921 hyaena
Pachycrocuta sp. Kretzoi 1938 brown hyaena
 Artiodactyla - Camelidae
Camelidae indet. Gray 1821 camel
Paracamelus sp. Schlosser 1903 camel
 Artiodactyla - Bovidae
Leptobos sp. Rütimeyer 1877 antelope
Gazella sp. Blaineville 1816 gazelle
Ovis sp. Linnaeus 1758 sheep
 Artiodactyla - Cervidae
"Cervus cf. elephas" = Cervus, "Cervus cf. philisi" = Cervus, "Elaphurus sp." = Cervus, Sinomegaceros sp.
"Cervus cf. elephas" = Cervus deer
"Cervus cf. philisi" = Cervus deer
"Elaphurus sp." = Cervus Linnaeus 1758 Pere David's deer
Sinomegaceros sp. Chow et al. 1965 deer