Karlich level C, im Neuwieder Becken (Pleistocene of Germany)

Also known as Kärlich Schicht C, im Neuwieder Becken Kaerlich

Where: Rheinland-Pfalz, Germany (50.5° N, 7.5° E: paleocoordinates 50.5° N, 7.3° E)

• coordinate stated in text

When: Middle Pleistocene (0.8 - 0.1 Ma)

• Level C is the third to lowest level (site goes level Jb). Dated to earliest Middle Pleistocene (overlies the Brunhes/Matuyama boundary). Early Cromerian (zones 1-2), Late Biharian, similar to West Runton upper freshwater bed, Sussenborn, etc.

Environment/lithology: fluvial

• floodloam

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils

Collection methods: Collection size doesn't include mollusc counts (not given in this paper).

•Mollusca indicate a humid environment and rather cold climatic conditions.

Primary reference: T. van Kolfschoten and E. Turner. 1996. Early Middle Pleistocene mammalian faunas from Karlich (Kaerlich) and Miesenheim I and their biostratigraphical implications. In C. Turner , ed., The early Middle Pleistocene in Europe, Balkema, Rotterdam 227-253 [A. Turner/H. O'Regan/H. O'Regan]more details

Purpose of describing collection: biostratigraphic analysis

PaleoDB collection 36009: authorized by Alan Turner, entered by Hannah O'Regan on 13.01.2004

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• This horizon also contains some redeposited fragments of interglacial molluscs such as Ena montana and Cepaea sp.
 Pulmonata - Clausiliidae
 Pulmonata - Pupillidae
Pupilla sp. Leach 1828 slug
"Trichia hispida" = Trochulus
"Trichia hispida" = Trochulus snail
 Rodentia - Muridae
Apodemus sp. Kaup 1829 Eurasian field mouse
 Rodentia - Cricetidae
Mimomys sp. Forsyth-Major 1902 vole
small form
"Clethrionomys glareolus" = Myodes vole
Microtus (Microtus) sp. Schrank 1798 vole
 Lipotyphla - Talpidae
Talpa sp. Linnaeus 1758 mole
 Tribosphenida - Soricidae
Sorex cf. runtonensis Hinton 1911 long-tailed shrew
 Artiodactyla - Bovidae
Bovidae indet. Gray 1821 antelope
four fragmentary vertebrae.
 Artiodactyla - Cervidae
Cervidae indet. Gray 1821 deer
antler frontlet of medium sized deer.