Karlich level F, im Neuwieder Becken (Pleistocene of Germany)

Also known as Kärlich Schicht F, im Neuwieder Becken Kaerlich

Where: Rheinland-Pfalz, Germany (50.5° N, 7.5° E: paleocoordinates 50.5° N, 7.3° E)

• coordinate stated in text

When: Middle Pleistocene (0.8 - 0.1 Ma)

• Level F in in the middle of the sequence (site goes level Jb). Dated to earliest Middle Pleistocene (overlies the Brunhes/Matuyama boundary). Early Cromerian (zones 1-2), Late Biharian, similar to West Runton upper freshwater bed, Sussenborn, etc.

Environment/lithology: loess

• loess.

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils

Collection methods: cold, glacial conditions indicated by both Dicrostonyx and by the mollusca. Water was also nearby.

Primary reference: T. van Kolfschoten and E. Turner. 1996. Early Middle Pleistocene mammalian faunas from Karlich (Kaerlich) and Miesenheim I and their biostratigraphical implications. In C. Turner , ed., The early Middle Pleistocene in Europe, Balkema, Rotterdam 227-253 [A. Turner/H. O'Regan/H. O'Regan]more details

Purpose of describing collection: biostratigraphic analysis

PaleoDB collection 36015: authorized by Alan Turner, entered by Hannah O'Regan on 13.01.2004

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

 Cardiida - Sphaeriidae
Sphaerium corneum fingernail clam
 Pulmonata - Succineidae
Succinea oblonga amber snail
 Pulmonata - Pupillidae
Pupilla madida slug
Pupilla madida densegyrata
Pupilla muscorum Linnaeus 1758 slug
 Pulmonata - Valloniidae
 Basommatophora - Planorbidae
 Basommatophora - Lymnaeidae
"Trichia hispida" = Trochulus
"Trichia hispida" = Trochulus snail
 Rodentia - Cricetidae
Dicrostonyx sp. Gloger 1841 lemming
Microtus sp. Schrank 1798 vole
Microtus arvalis Pallas 1779 common vole
 Rodentia - Sciuridae
Spermophilus sp. Cuvier 1825 ground squirrel
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
Equus sp. Linnaeus 1758 horse
 Proboscidea - Elephantidae
cf. Mammuthus (Archidiskodon) meridionalis Nesti 1825 mammoth
7 molars.
 Artiodactyla - Bovidae
Bovidae indet. Gray 1821 antelope
Bos or Bison sp.
 Artiodactyla - Cervidae
Cervus cf. elephas deer
1 mandible with incomplete tooth row and two astragali.
Praemegaceros verticornis deer
1 large shed antler base.