Wurzburg-Schalksberg (Pleistocene of Germany)

Also known as Wuerzburg-Schalksberg, Würzberg-Schalksberg

Where: Bayern, Germany (49.8° N, 10.0° E: paleocoordinates 49.8° N, 9.9° E)

• coordinate stated in text

When: Middle Pleistocene (0.8 - 0.1 Ma)

• Middle Middle Pleistocene, Mimomys-Arvicola transition, Biharian.

Environment/lithology: unlithified, fine-grained, pebbly, silty sandstone and unlithified, conglomeratic siltstone

• A fluvial transport of the fossils can be excluded. They seem to be parautochthonous, gathered by carnivores and maybe early humans.
• The fossils are found in fluvial fine sand-layers with siltic components and some pebbles or between these fine sand and a cover of pebbly loam.

Size class: macrofossils

Collection methods: bulk,

Primary reference: W. von Koenigswald and W.-D. Heinrich. 1999. Mittelpleistozane Saugetierfaunen aus Mitteleuropa - der Versuch einer biostratigraphischen Zuordnung. Kaupia 9:53-112 [A. Turner/H. O'Regan/H. O'Regan]more details

Purpose of describing collection: biostratigraphic analysis

PaleoDB collection 36220: authorized by Alan Turner, entered by Hannah O'Regan on 19.01.2004, edited by Susanna Kümmell and Evangelos Vlachos

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

 Salientia - Ranidae
Rana temporaria1 Linnaeus 1758 common frog
 Rodentia - Castoridae
Castor fiber Linnaeus 1758 Eurasian beaver
Trogontherium cuvieri Owen 1846 beaver
 Perissodactyla - Rhinocerotidae
Stephanorhinus etruscus Falconer 1868 rhinoceros
Dicerorhinus sp.2 Gloger 1841 rhinoceros
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
"Equus ? suessenbornensis" = Equus (Sussemionus) suessenbornensis Wüst 1901 horse
Equus sp. (? suessenbornensis)
 Carnivora - Ursidae
Ursus deningeri Reichenau 1904 bear
 Carnivora - Mustelidae
Meles sp. Brisson 1762 badger
 Carnivora - Canidae
Canis lupus Linnaeus 1758 gray wolf
Canis lupus mosbachensis
Xenocyon lycaonoides Kretzoi 1938 canine
 Carnivora - Felidae
Felidae indet. Gray 1821 cat
Felis sp. Linnaeus 1758 cat
 Carnivora - Hyaenidae
Hyaena sp. Brisson 1762 hyaena
Pachycrocuta brevirostris Gervais 1850 brown hyaena
Pachycrocuta brevirostris3 Gervais 1850 brown hyaena
 Proboscidea - Elephantidae
Elephantidae indet. Gray 1821 elephant
 Artiodactyla - Hippopotamidae
Hippopotamus amphibius Linnaeus 1758 hippo
Hippopotamus amphibius antiquus
 Artiodactyla - Bovidae
Bison priscus Bojanus 1827 bison
 Artiodactyla - Cervidae
Cervus sp. Linnaeus 1758 deer
? Eucladoceros sp. Falconer 1868 deer
Cervidae indet. (? Eucladoceros)
? Megaloceros sp. Brookes 1828 Irish elk
Cervidae indet. (? Megaloceros)
"Alces latifrons" = Cervalces latifrons Johnson 1874 stag moose