Leo, Himachal Himalaya, India (Silurian of India)

Also known as Reef 3303

Where: India (31.8° N, 78.6° E: paleocoordinates 29.2° S, 144.6° E)

• coordinate estimated from map

• local area-level geographic resolution

When: Manchap Formation, Wenlock (433.4 - 427.4 Ma)

• Age uncertain but most likely Wenlockian following: Brunton, F.R., Smith, L., Dixon, O.A., Copper, P., Nestor, H., 1998. Silurian reef episodes, changing seascapes, and paleobiogeography. New York State Museum Bulletin 491, 265-282.

•Fossil data comprise whole formation, but are mostly from Unit III

• formation-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: reef, buildup or bioherm; lithified, dolomitic reef rocks and lithified sandstone

• Unit III: Thick-bedded dolomite with abundant corals and common stromatoporoids

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils

Collection methods: quarrying, peel or thin section,

Primary reference: O. M. Bhargava and U. K. Bassi. 1986. Silurian reefal buildups: Spiti-Kinnaur, Himachal Himalaya, India. Facies 15:35-52 [W. Kiessling/W. Kiessling/W. Kiessling]more details

Purpose of describing collection: general faunal/floral analysis

PaleoDB collection 36258: authorized by Wolfgang Kiessling, entered by Wolfgang Kiessling on 21.01.2004

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Bryozoa
  -
Bryozoa indet. Ehrenberg 1831
Stenolaemata
 Fenestrida - Fenestellidae
Fenestella sp. Lonsdale 1839
 Cystoporida - Fistuliporidae
? Fistulipora sp. McCoy 1850
 Trepostomata - Halloporidae
Hallopora sp. Bassler 1911
Strophomenata
 Productida - Chonetidae
Chonetes sp. Fischer de Waldheim 1830
Rhynchonellata
 Orthida - Orthidae
Orthis sp. Dalman 1828
Anthozoa
 Favositida - Favositidae
Favosites spitiensis tabulate coral
 Favositida - Coenitidae
Coenites sp. Eichwald 1829 tabulate coral
 Heliolitida - Halysitidae
Halysites wallichi tabulate coral
Halysites catenularia Linnaeus 1767 tabulate coral
ssp. kanaurensis
 Heliolitida - Coccoserididae
Protaraea kanaurensis tabulate coral
 Stauriida - Streptelasmatidae
? Streptelasma sp. Hall 1847 horn coral
 Stauriida - Arachnophyllidae
Chonophyllum sp. Milne-Edwards and Haime 1850 horn coral
Stromatoporoidea
 Clathrodictyida - Clathrodictyidae
Rhodophyceae
  - Solenoporaceae
Parachaetetes sp. Deninger 1906