Yuanmou formation, third member, upper part, Shangnabang (Pleistocene of China)

Also known as Yuanmo formation

Where: Yunnan, China (24.9° N, 100.9° E: paleocoordinates 24.8° N, 100.8° E)

• coordinate estimated from map

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: third Member (Yuanmou Formation), Pleistocene (2.6 - 0.0 Ma)

• Early Quaternary. The mammalian fossils are from the upper part of the third member. The ostracods and the plants are from the whole third member (upper and lower part)

• group of beds-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: fluvial-lacustrine; unlithified, brown, gray, yellow sandstone and unlithified, brown claystone

• alternately fluvial and lacustrine, but predominantly fluvial deposits
• Brownish gray, brownish yellow coarse, medium and fine sand layers, alternated with brown, brownish red silty subclay, subclay and clay layers, intercalated with some grayish black and greyish green thin-bedded humus clay layers; occasionally some pebbles in the sandlayers

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils

Collection methods: bulk,

Primary reference: Q. Pu and F. Qian. 1977. Identification of the Yuanmou fossil-man strata; study of the Yuanmou Formation. Acta Geologica Sinica (= Dizhi xuebao) 1977(1):89-100 [J. Alroy/S. Kuemmell/S. Kuemmell]more details

Purpose of describing collection: paleoecologic analysis

PaleoDB collection 36586: authorized by John Alroy, entered by Susanna K├╝mmell on 06.02.2004

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• Some plant fossils occure in this collection (whole third member, lower and upper part), which are not listed by their species name: Pandanaceae, Apocynaceae, Dilleniaceae, Betulaceae, Larix, Nothofagus, Taxus, Cyrtandra, Abies, Picea, Tsuga, Pinus, Pseudolarix, Ulmus, Zelkora, Fraxinus
 Podocopida - Candonidae
Candona sp. Baird 1845 ostracod
 Podocopida - Ilyocyprididae
Ilyocypris bradyi Sars 1890 ostracod
Ilyocypris gibba Ramdohr 1808 ostracod
 Cardiida - Corbiculidae
Corbicula sp. Megerle 1811 clam
 Unionida - Unionidae
Unio sp. Philipsson 1788 freshwater mussel
 Basommatophora - Planorbidae
Gyraulus sp. Charpentier 1837 pulmonate
 Perissodactyla - Rhinocerotidae
Rhinoceros sinensis one-horned rhinoceros
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
Equus yunnanensis Colbert 1940 horse
 Carnivora - Canidae
 Carnivora - Hyaenidae
 Artiodactyla - Bovidae
Gazella sp. Blaineville 1816 gazelle
 Artiodactyla - Cervidae
"Cervoceros ultimus n. sp." = Cervavitus
"Cervoceros ultimus n. sp." = Cervavitus deer