Muldraugh Member, Elizabethtown, Kentucky (Carboniferous to of the United States)

Where: Kentucky (37.7° N, 85.9° W: paleocoordinates 19.6° S, 33.0° W)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: Muldraugh Member (Borden Formation), Chadian to Chadian (345.3 - 342.8 Ma)

• JA: "late Osagean interval 4 of Ausich et al. (1994)... correlative with the Edwardsville Formation... the Fort Payne Formation... and the Keokuk Limestone"; the late Osagean is Chadian and Arundian according to Heckel and Clayton 2006

• member-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: deep subtidal ramp; lithified, gypsiferous, shelly/skeletal, cherty/siliceous packstone and lithified, gypsiferous shale

• In general, the Muldraugh Member of the Borden Formation has lenticular bedding, with the base of beds irregular and erosional with pinch and swell mainly on the upper surface of beds. Few beds or bedding surfaces are traceable throughout the entire quarry. Bedding thickness varies from a few centimeters to more than 75 centimeters. Lithologically, the most abundant carbonate rock type is an argillaceous, coarse-grained crinoidal packstone, but finer grained packstones, grainstones, calcareous siltstones, and shales are also present. Sedimentary structures include megaripples, cross-bedding, and graded bedding. Silicification is very common; and large (up to 20 cm) gypsum nodules, some gypsum layers, and gypsum fracture fillings are also present. Some beds are bioturbated, with identified trace fossils being Chondrites and Zoophycos.

Size class: macrofossils

Preservation: original calcite

Reposited in the USNM

Primary reference: W. I. Ausich, A. Goldstein, and R. Yates. 2000. Crinoids from the Muldraugh Member of the Borden Formation in north-central Kentucky (Echinodermata, Lower Mississippian). Journal of Paleontology 74(6):1072-1082 [S. Holland/S. Holland/S. Holland]more details

Purpose of describing collection: paleoecologic analysis

PaleoDB collection 37879: authorized by Steven Holland, entered by Steven Holland on 26.03.2004

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

 Spiraculata -
Metablastus sp. Etheridge and Carpenter 1886
 Calceocrinida - Calceocrinidae
 Inadunata -
 Belemnocrinacea - Synbathocrinidae
 Cladida -
 Taxocrinida -
Onychocrinus sp. Lyon and Cassidy 1860 Sea lily
 Taxocrinida - Taxocrinidae
 Sagenocrinida -
 Cladida -
 Cyathocrinida - Cyathocrinitidae
 Dendrocrinida - Poteriocrinitidae
 Dendrocrinida - Aphelecrinidae
 Dendrocrinida - Scytalocrinidae
 Cladida - Pachylocrinidae
 Cladida -
 Cladida - Botryocrinidae
Barycrinus spurius Hall 1868 Sea lily
 Cladida -
 Camerata - Rhodocrinidae
 Monobathrida -
 Monobathrida - Dichocrinidae
 Monobathrida - Actinocrinitidae
 Monobathrida -
 Monobathrida - Platycrinitidae