Jiulongkou, Ci Xian County (Miocene of China)

Where: Hebei, China (36.3° N, 114.4° E: paleocoordinates 36.2° N, 112.8° E)

• coordinate estimated from map

When: Late/Upper Miocene (11.6 - 5.3 Ma)

Environment/lithology: terrestrial; red claystone and lithified, yellow sandstone

• The majority of the fossils derived from red argillaceous concretions within a yellow sandstone. The minority derived from that sandstone.

Size class: macrofossils

Collection methods: bulk,

Primary reference: G. Chen and W. Wu. 1976. Miocene mammals from Jiulongkou, Ci Xian County, Hebei Province. Vertebrata PalAsiatica (= Gujizhui dongwu yu gurenlei) 14(1):6-15 [J. Alroy/S. Kuemmell/S. Kuemmell]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 38674: authorized by John Alroy, entered by Susanna Kümmell on 28.04.2004, edited by John Alroy and Hannah O'Regan

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

 Perissodactyla - Chalicotheriidae
 Perissodactyla - Rhinocerotidae
Rhinocerotidae indet. Gray 1821 rhinoceros
Dicerorhinus sp. Gloger 1841 rhinoceros
Dicerorhinus cixianensis n. sp. Chen and Wu 1976 rhinoceros
Plesiaceratherium gracile Young 1937 rhinoceros
Aceratheriinae indet. Dollo 1885 rhinoceros
Chilotherium sp. Ringström 1924 rhinoceros
 Carnivora - Percrocutidae
 Carnivora - Barbourofelidae
 Artiodactyla - Palaeomerycidae
? Palaeomeryx sp. von Meyer 1834 ruminant
 Artiodactyla - Lagomerycidae
? Dicrocerus sp. Lartet 1837 ruminant
? Stephanocemas sp. Colbert 1936 ruminant
 Artiodactyla - Bovidae
? Oioceros stenocephalus n. sp. Chen and Wu 1976 antelope
? Oioceros robustus n. sp. Chen and Wu 1976 antelope
? Oioceros jiulongkouensis n. sp. Chen and Wu 1976 antelope
 Artiodactyla - Cervidae
Cervidae indet. Gray 1821 deer