Pirro Nord, P. N. 1 (Pleistocene of Italy)

Also known as Cava Pirro, Pirro Nord 1

Where: Foggia, Italy (41.8° N, 15.5° E: paleocoordinates 41.7° N, 15.4° E)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

When: Early/Lower Pleistocene (2.6 - 0.8 Ma)

• fissure fillings. Late Early Pleistocene, younger than the Tasso FU, but not Middle Pleistocene, probably Farneta FU - ?Jaramillo?

Environment/lithology: fissure fill

• Karst infilling, with frequent occurrence of quartz grains - probably derived from the Apennines - indicating a palaeogeography similar to that of today.

Size class: mesofossils

Collection methods: Material collected in 1983.

Primary reference: C. De Guili and D. Torre. 1984. A microfauna with Allophaiomys pliocaenicus from Gargano (Southern Italy). Palaeontolographia Italica 73:116-128 [A. Turner/H. O'Regan/H. O'Regan]more details

Purpose of describing collection: biostratigraphic analysis

PaleoDB collection 40995: authorized by Alan Turner, entered by Hannah O'Regan on 05.07.2004

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

 Rodentia - Muridae
Apodemus flavicollis Eurasian field mouse
30+ specimens, 13 mandibles with M1, 5 lower M1, 7 maxillae with M1, 1 upper M1 and several mandibles and maxillae without teeth.
 Rodentia - Cricetidae
Allophaiomys pliocaenicus, "Pitymys arvaloides" = Microtus
Allophaiomys pliocaenicus Kormos 1932 vole
lower teeth: 22 M1, 15 M2, 9 M3. Upper teeth: 14 M1, 11 M2, 4 M3.
"Pitymys arvaloides" = Microtus vole
1 left lower M1.
 Lagomorpha - Leporidae
aff. Lepus cf. etruscus hare
2 mandible fragments, 1 proximal tibia, 1 distal humerus and 1 acetabulum.
 Lipotyphla - Talpidae
Talpa minor Freudenberg 1914 mole
4 humeri.
 Tribosphenida - Soricidae
Episoriculus cf. gibberodon Petenyi 1864 red-toothed shrew
1 mandible with tooth row, 1 anterior fragment of lower jaw, 1 maxilla with anterior unicuspid-M2, 1 with P4-M2. No pigmentation.
Crocidura cf. suaveolens Pallas 1811 white-toothed shrew
2 mandible fragments with M1-M2.
 Chiroptera - Vespertilionidae
Myotis sp. Kaup 1829 vesper bat
1 mandible fragment with M2-M3, 1 with M2.
Myotis cf. blythi vesper bat
6 mandible fragments, 1 lower M3.
 Chiroptera - Rhinolophidae
Rhinolophus ex gr. euryale Blasius 1853 horseshoe bat
1 mandible fragment with P4-M1, 2 with M2-M3, 1 without teeth, 1 maxilla fragment with M1.