Basic info Taxonomic history Classification Relationships
Morphology Ecology and taphonomy External Literature Search Age range and collections

Conidae (cone shell)

Gastropoda - Neogastropoda - Conidae

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1822Conidae Fleming
1904Conidae Martin p. 145
1938Conidae Turner p. 68
1970Conidae Addicott p. 122
1984Conidae Squires p. 39
1987Conidae Squires p. 50
1987Conidae Ward and Blackwelder p. 132
1988Conidae Ponder and Warén p. 308
1988Conidae Squires p. 17
1992Conidae Ward p. 135
1994Conidae Wilson p. 197
1996Conidae Sysoev p. 24
1998Conidae Beesley p. 852
2001Conidae Harzhauser and Mandic p. 714
2001Conidae Todd
2004Conidae Harzhauser p. 142
2005Conidae Bouchet et al. p. 256
2007Conidae Harzhauser
2007Conidae Wienrich and Janssen p. 719
2009Conilithidae Tucker and Tenorio
2009Puncticuliinae Tucker and Tenorio
2009Taranteconidae Tucker and Tenorio
2010Conidae Landau and Marques da Silva p. 99
2015Conidae Puillandre et al. p. 4

Is something missing? Join the Paleobiology Database and enter the data

EubilateriaAx 1987
classGastropodaCuvier 1797
subclassProsobranchiaMilne-Edwards 1848
superorderCaenogastropodaCox 1959
orderNeogastropodaThiele 1929
superfamilyConoidea(Rafinesque 1815)
familyConidaeFleming 1822
familyConidaeFleming 1822

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

No diagnoses are available
No measurements are available
Composition: aragonitec
Locomotion: actively mobilef
Life habit: epifaunalf
Diet: carnivoref
Vision: limitedc
Comments: LIFE HISTORY: Predatory carnivores according to Todd (2001).f
Created: 2009-09-10 08:08:46
Modified: 2009-09-10 10:08:46
Source: f = family, c = class
References: Kiessling 2004, Hendy et al. 2009

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Albian to the top of the Holocene or 113.00000 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 100.5 Ma

Collections (1613 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Albian113.0 - 100.5Madagascar (Mahajanga) Conus primitivus (86497)
Piripauan85.8 - 83.5New Zealand Conus sp. (83537)
Late/Upper Campanian83.5 - 70.6USA (Tennessee) Cryptoconus macnairyensis (7515)
Maastrichtian72.1 - 66.0USA (Tennessee) Conorbis mcnairyensis (88357) Cryptoconus macnairyensis (205445)
Danian66.0 - 61.6Antarctica Marshallaria variegata (67035 67036 67044)
Danian66.0 - 61.6Belgium Cryptoconus alphonsi (22931)
Danian66.0 - 61.6Antarctica (Seymour Island) Marshallaria sp. (8019)
Paleocene66.0 - 56.0Mexico (Baja California Sur) Conus sp. (43755)
Paleocene66.0 - 56.0Antarctica (Seymour Island) Marshallaria sp. (63516)
Selandian61.6 - 59.2Denmark Pseudoandonia crispata (35263)
Selandian - Thanetian61.6 - 56.0New Zealand Marshallaria multicincta (64697 64700)
Thanetian59.2 - 56.0USA (California) Conus sp. (52596)
Thanetian59.2 - 56.0Pakistan (Sind) Conus sp. (114106)
Thanetian59.2 - 56.0Australia (Victoria) Marshallaria tumefacta (6268 6269) Marshallaria tumefacta, Marshallaria sp. (6266 6267)
Ypresian56.0 - 47.8France Hemiconus raoulti (94693)
Ypresian56.0 - 47.8USA (Washington) Conus sp. (5544 5547)
Ypresian56.0 - 47.8USA (California) Conus caleocius (122656) Conus hornii (122294 177611 178733 193545) Conus remondii (178748 178749 178777)
Ypresian56.0 - 47.8USA (Texas) Conus nocens (7788)
Ypresian56.0 - 47.8Saudi Arabia (Ash Sharqiyah) Conolithus acutus (42459)
Ypresian56.0 - 47.8India (Rajasthan) Conus sp., Conus sp., Conus safaedensis (46999)