Bchare Mountain, Lebanese amber (AMNH coll) (Cretaceous of Lebanon)

Where: Lebanon (34.3° N, 36.0° E: paleocoordinates 9.6° N, 32.3° E)

• coordinate estimated from map

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: Barremian (129.4 - 125.0 Ma)

• Amber found in three intervals in the upper part of the Grès du Liban, dated to early or late Barremian based on stratigraphic position relative to marker beds "Banc de Mrejatt" and pisolitic interval. Age based on benthic foraminifera, calcareous algae, and charophytes. Marker beds are only present in certain regions of central and southern Lebanon, so the precise age of the Bcharreh outcrop is uncertain (Maksoud et al., 2016).

• group of beds-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: terrestrial; amber

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils, microfossils

Preservation: soft parts, original chitin, original carbon, amber

Collected by Antoni Estephan; reposited in the AMNH

Collection methods: quarrying,

Primary reference: A. Borkent. 2001. Leptoconops (Diptera: Ceratopohonidae), the earliest extant lineage of biting midge, discovered in 120-122 million-year-old Lebanese amber. American Museum Novitates 3328:1-11 [M. Clapham/M. Clapham]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 123017: authorized by Matthew Clapham, entered by Matthew Clapham on 10.01.2012, edited by Jered Karr

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Insecta
 Hemiptera - Aphididae
Gondvanoaphis estephani n. gen. n. sp.11
Gondvanoaphis estephani n. gen. n. sp.11 Wegierek and Grimaldi 2010 aphid
 Hemiptera - Hodgsonicoccidae
Hodgsonicoccus patefactus n. gen. n. sp.9
Hodgsonicoccus patefactus n. gen. n. sp.9 Vea and Grimaldi 2015 scale insect
AMNH L-AE-93
 Psocodea - Archaeatropidae
Bcharreglaris amunobi n. gen. n. sp.1
Bcharreglaris amunobi n. gen. n. sp.1 Azar and Nel 2004 bark louse
AMNH L-AE21a, 21b
 Blattodea - Mesoblattinidae
Nymphoblatta azari n. gen. n. sp.10
Nymphoblatta azari n. gen. n. sp.10 Vršanský and Grimaldi 2004 cockroach
AMNH L-AE 91, 22
 Dicondylia - Blattulidae
? Elisama sp.10 Giebel 1856 winged insect
AMNH L-AE 77
 Mantodea -
Burmantis lebanensis n. sp.5 Grimaldi 2003 mantis
AMNH L-AE26
 Hymenoptera - Bethylidae
Holopsenella primotica n. gen. n. sp.4
Holopsenella primotica n. gen. n. sp.4 Engel et al. 2016 flat wasp
AMNH L-924
 Hymenoptera - Archaeoserphitidae
Archaeoserphites melqarti n. gen. n. sp.3
Archaeoserphites melqarti n. gen. n. sp.3 Engel 2015 wasp
AMNH L-AE-8
 Diptera - Ceratopogonidae
Austroconops sp.2 Wirth and Lee 1958 biting midge
AMNH L-AE 95
Austroconops gondwanicus2 Szadziewski 1996 biting midge
AMNH L-AE 97
Austroconops fossilis2 Szadziewski 1996 biting midge
AMNH L-AE 29
Minyohelea falcata n. sp.2 Borkent 2000 biting midge
AMNH L-AE 103
Archiaustroconops ceratoformis2 Szadziewski 1996 biting midge
AMNH L-AE 92
Archiaustroconops szadziewskii n. sp.2 Borkent 2000 biting midge
AMNH L-AE 45
Archiaustroconops hamus2 Borkent 2000 biting midge
AMNH L-AE120
Leptoconops (Palaeoconops) amplificatus n. sp. Borkent 2001 biting midge
Leptoconops (Palaeoconops) antiquus n. sp. Borkent 2001 biting midge
"Protoculicoides punctus n. sp." = Gerontodacus punctus2 Borkent 2000 biting midge
AMNH L-AE115, 40, 78
 Diptera - Chimeromyiidae
Chimeromyia acuta n. sp.7, Chimeromyia intriguea n. gen. n. sp.7
Chimeromyia acuta n. sp.7 Grimaldi and Cumming 1999 fly
AMNH L-AE38 (additional female in Grimaldi et al., 2009 - location not given)
Chimeromyia intriguea n. gen. n. sp.7 Grimaldi and Cumming 1999 fly
AMNH L-AE43, 118, 134a
 Diptera -
Lonchopteromorpha asetocella n. gen. n. sp.7, Lonchopterites prisca n. gen. n. sp.7, Alonchoptera lebanica n. gen. n. sp.6
Lonchopteromorpha asetocella n. gen. n. sp.7 Grimaldi and Cumming 1999 fly
AMNH L-AE132
Lonchopterites prisca n. gen. n. sp.7 Grimaldi and Cumming 1999 fly
AMNH L-AE79
Alonchoptera lebanica n. gen. n. sp.6 Grimaldi 2018 fly
AMNH LAEIII-4
 Diptera - Phoridae
Archisciada lebanensis n. gen. n. sp.7
Archisciada lebanensis n. gen. n. sp.7 Grimaldi and Cumming 1999 scuttle fly
AMNH L-AE72
 Diptera - Atelestidae
Atelestites senectus n. gen. n. sp.7, Phaetempis lebanensis n. gen. n. sp.7
Atelestites senectus n. gen. n. sp.7 Grimaldi and Cumming 1999 fly
AMNH L-AE72A, B
Phaetempis lebanensis n. gen. n. sp.7 Grimaldi and Cumming 1999 fly
AMNH L-AE13
 Diptera - Dolichopodidae
Avenaphora hispida n. gen. n. sp.7, Sympycnites primaevus n. gen. n. sp.7
Avenaphora hispida n. gen. n. sp.7 Grimaldi and Cumming 1999 long-legged fly
AMNH L-AE24
Sympycnites primaevus n. gen. n. sp.7 Grimaldi and Cumming 1999 long-legged fly
AMNH L-AE133
 Diptera - Rhagionidae
Rhagionidae "indet. C"7 Latreille 1802 snipe fly
AMNH L-AE131
Paleochrysopilus hirsutus n. gen. n. sp.7 Grimaldi and Cumming 1999 snipe fly
AMNH L-AE89
 Diptera - Ptychopteridae
"Leptychoptera vovkina n. sp." = Leptychoptera (Leptychoptera) vovkina8
"Leptychoptera vovkina n. sp." = Leptychoptera (Leptychoptera) vovkina8 Lukashevich and Azar 2003 phantom crane fly
AMNH Leb-250