Jezzine, Lebanese amber (SMNS collection) (Cretaceous of Lebanon)

Where: Lebanon (33.5° N, 35.6° E: paleocoordinates 9.2° N, 31.7° E)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: Late/Upper Barremian (130.0 - 125.5 Ma)

• Amber found in three intervals in the upper part of the Grès du Liban. Jezzine is found in the upper interval, located between the Jezzinian above and the "Banc de Mrejatt" below. The "Banc de Mrejatt" includes one biostratigraphically significant benthic foraminifer: Eopalorbitolina transiens (Cherchi and Schroeder, 1999), which is a zonal marker of the Lower to Upper Barremian transition according to Schroeder et al. (2010). Accordingly the “Banc de Mrejatt” is correlated to the transgression of sequence Ba3 of Clavel et al. (2007) and ascribed a late Early Barremian age. The upper subunit is assigned a Late Barremian age, although the amber may be reworked (Maksoud et al., 2016).

• group of beds-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: terrestrial; lithified amber

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils

Preservation: soft parts, original chitin, amber

Collected by D. Schlee in 1968; reposited in the SMNS

• Specimens in Staatliches Museum fur Naturkunde, Stuttgart.

Primary reference: D. Schlee. 1970. Verwandtschaftsforschung an fossilen und rezenten Aleyrodina (Insecta; Hemiptera). Stuttgarter Beiträge zur Naturkunde 213:1-72 [M. Clapham/M. Clapham]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 124276: authorized by Matthew Clapham, entered by Matthew Clapham on 10.02.2012, edited by Amy Delelli and Matthew Carrano

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Insecta
 Hemiptera - Aleyrodidae
Heidea cretacica n. gen. n. sp., Bernaea neocomica n. gen. n. sp.
Heidea cretacica n. gen. n. sp. Schlee 1970 whitefly
Bernaea neocomica n. gen. n. sp. Schlee 1970 whitefly
 Thysanoptera - Stenurothripidae
Neocomothrips hennigianus n. gen. n. sp.12, Exitelothrips mesozoicus n. gen. n. sp.12, Scudderothrips sucinus n. gen. n. sp.12, Scaphothrips antennatus n. gen. n. sp.12, Progonothrips horridus n. gen. n. sp.12, Rhetinothrips elegans n. gen. n. sp.12
Neocomothrips hennigianus n. gen. n. sp.12 zur Strassen 1973 thrips
SMNS C22/24//29
Exitelothrips mesozoicus n. gen. n. sp.12 zur Strassen 1973 thrips
SMNS C22/24//27
Scudderothrips sucinus n. gen. n. sp.12 zur Strassen 1973 thrips
SMNS C32/21
Scaphothrips antennatus n. gen. n. sp.12 zur Strassen 1973 thrips
SMNS C31/17
Progonothrips horridus n. gen. n. sp.12 zur Strassen 1973 thrips
SMNS C29/19
Rhetinothrips elegans n. gen. n. sp.12 zur Strassen 1973 thrips
SMNS C22/24//32
 Thysanoptera - Merothripidae
Jezzinothrips cretacicus n. gen. n. sp.12
Jezzinothrips cretacicus n. gen. n. sp.12 zur Strassen 1973 long legged thrips
SMNS C17/1b
 Diptera - Chironomidae
Libanochlites neocomicus n. gen. n. sp.3
Libanochlites neocomicus n. gen. n. sp.3 Brundin 1976 non biting midge
 Diptera - Ceratopogonidae
? Austroconops sp.9, Austroconops sp.9, Austroconops gondwanicus n. sp.9, Austroconops fossilis n. sp.9, Austroconops cretaceous n. sp.9, Fossileptoconops lebanicus n. gen. n. sp.9, Minyohelea sp.2, Minyohelea schleei n. sp.9, "Lebanoconops wirthi n. sp." = Minyohelea wirthi9, "Lebanoconops lebanicus n. sp." = Minyohelea lebanica9, "Lebanoconops minutus n. sp." = Minyohelea minuta9, Archiaustroconops ceratoformis n. gen. n. sp.9, Archiaustroconops hamus2, Lebanoculicoides mesozoicus n. gen. n. sp.9, "Protoculicoides succineus n. sp." = Gerontodacus succineus9, Archiculicoides schleei n. gen. n. sp.9
? Austroconops sp.9 Wirth and Lee 1958 biting midge
C32/17 Archiaustroconops szadziewskii
Austroconops sp.9 Wirth and Lee 1958 biting midge
SMNS C53/3, B4/3, B11/1, C2, C25, C31/42
Austroconops gondwanicus n. sp.9 Szadziewski 1996 biting midge
SMNS C31/18
Austroconops fossilis n. sp.9 Szadziewski 1996 biting midge
SMNS C31/34, C25, C2 (last two in Borkent, 2000)
Austroconops cretaceous n. sp.9 Szadziewski 1996 biting midge
SMNS C31/18
Fossileptoconops lebanicus n. gen. n. sp.9 Szadziewski 1996 biting midge
SMNS C32/5
Minyohelea sp.2 Borkent 1995 biting midge
SMNS C31/73, C17/10, C17/15, C22/24/34, B4/9
Minyohelea schleei n. sp.9 Szadziewski 1996 biting midge
SMNS C32/74
"Lebanoconops wirthi n. sp." = Minyohelea wirthi9 Szadziewski 1996 biting midge
SMNS C25/13
"Lebanoconops lebanicus n. sp." = Minyohelea lebanica9 Szadziewski 1996 biting midge
SMNS C31/2
"Lebanoconops minutus n. sp." = Minyohelea minuta9 Szadziewski 1996 biting midge
SMNS C32/67
Archiaustroconops ceratoformis n. gen. n. sp.9 Szadziewski 1996 biting midge
SMNS C2, C63/9, C20/9
Archiaustroconops hamus2 Borkent 2000 biting midge
SMNS C23, C10/25 (part Austroconops gondwanicus in Szadziewski, 1996)
Lebanoculicoides mesozoicus n. gen. n. sp.9 Szadziewski 1996 biting midge
SMNS C32/33
"Protoculicoides succineus n. sp." = Gerontodacus succineus9 Szadziewski 1996 biting midge
SMNS C31/14
Archiculicoides schleei n. gen. n. sp.9 Szadziewski 1996 biting midge
SMNS C39/1
 Diptera - Corethrellidae
Corethrella (Fossicorethrella) cretacea n. sp.8 Szadziewski 1995 frog biting midge
SMNS C 61/12
 Diptera -
"Cyclorrhapha indet." = Cyclorrhapha5
"Cyclorrhapha indet." = Cyclorrhapha5 Brauer 1863 fly
SMNS C 54/1
 Diptera - Hybotidae
Trichinites cretaceus n. gen. n. sp.4
Trichinites cretaceus n. gen. n. sp.4 Hennig 1970 dance fly
 Diptera - Dolichopodidae
Microphorites extinctus n. gen. n. sp.5
Microphorites extinctus n. gen. n. sp.5 Hennig 1971 long-legged fly
SMNS 32/59
 Diptera - Psychodidae
Phlebotomites brevifilis n. gen. n. sp.6 Hennig 1972 sand fly
SMNS B8/1, B8/2, C29/2, C29/8
Phlebotomites longifilis n. sp.6 Hennig 1972 sand fly
SMNS C49/2
 Raphidioptera - Mesoraphidiidae
Lebanoraphidia nana n. gen. n. sp.1
Lebanoraphidia nana n. gen. n. sp.1 Bechly and Wolf-Schwenninger 2011 snakefly
SMNS LB-235-2, SMNS LB-235-1
Arachnida
 Araneae - Oecobiidae
Lebanoecobius schleei n. gen. n. sp.10
Lebanoecobius schleei n. gen. n. sp.10 Wunderlich 2004 disc web spider
SMNS B-45
 Araneae - Araneidae
Araneidae indet.11 Simon 1895 orb-weaving spider
SMNS C32/39
Aves
  -
Aves indet.7 Linnaeus 1758 bird
SMNS bird feathers