Locality 35, Mzinene River, north of Hluhluwe (Cretaceous of South Africa)

Where: South Africa (28.0° S, 32.3° E: paleocoordinates 48.6° S, 7.6° E)

• coordinate stated in text

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: Mzinene Formation, Early/Lower Albian (112.0 - 109.0 Ma)

• STRATIGRAPHIC RELATIONS: From the Mzinene Fm, whch overlies the Aptian-Albian Makatini Fm. THICKNESS: Unknown bed or section thickness. AGE: Albian III. Tegoceras mosense/Aioloceras fauna. On the basis of the occurrence of T. gladiator in western Europe, this fauna corresponds to the interval comprising the Cleoniceras floridum Subzone of the Sonneratia chalensis Zone to the Protohoplites puzosianus Subzone of the Otohoplites auritiformis Zone of western Europe, the mid-mammillatum Zone of authors. STRATIGRAPHIC POSITION: From beds within section of 6 m thickness.

• group of beds-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: marine; lithified, concretionary siltstone

• ENVIRONMENT: Offshore siliciclastic marine setting.
• SPECIFIC LITHOLOGY: Richly fossiliferous decalcified silts and silty concretions, crowded with molluscs and other fossils. LITHIFICATION: Lithified, assumed on the basis of facies descriptions from regionally dominant lithology, and figures from subsequent publications (e.g. Kennedy and Kinger 1977).

Size class: macrofossils

Preservation: cast, mold/impression, concretion

Reposited in the BMNH, OUM

Collection methods: surface (in situ),

• COLLECTORS: Collected by authors (W. Kennedy and H. Klinger) during 1970-1971. REPOSITORY: BMNH.

Primary reference: W. J. Kennedy and H.C. Klinger. 1977. Cretaceous faunas from Zululand and Natal, South Africa. The ammonite family Phylloceratidae. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) 27(5):347-380 [A. Hendy/A. Hendy]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 66073: authorized by Austin Hendy, entered by Austin Hendy on 27.09.2006, edited by Sabine N├╝rnberg and Matthew Clapham

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• COVERAGE: Includes ammonites, brachiopods, bivalves and gastropods. Abundance data may only apply to ammonites. NOMENCLATURE: Some of faunal list derived from authoritive publications, although for the most part this is not the case and taxa lack subgeneric or species-level designations. Nevertheless, authors are specialists and nomenclature appears fairly accurate and modern.
Cephalopoda
 Phylloceratida - Phylloceratidae
Phylloceras (Hypophylloceras) sp.5 Salfeld 1924 ammonite
Carinophylloceras collignoni6 Klinger et al. 1975 ammonite
 Ammonitida - Lytoceratidae
Lytoceras sp.5 Suess 1865 ammonite
 Ammonitida - Tetragonitidae
"Anagaudryceras buddha" = Anagaudryceras sacya1
"Anagaudryceras buddha" = Anagaudryceras sacya1 Forbes 1846 ammonite
 Ammonitida - Beudanticeratidae
Aioloceras besairiei3 Collignon 1949 ammonite
 Ammonitida - Desmoceratidae
Desmoceratidae indet.5 Zittel 1895 ammonite
Damesites sp.5 Matsumoto 1942 ammonite
"Beudanticeras komihevitraense" = Roberticeras komihevitraense3 Collignon 1950 ammonite
Umsinenoceras linguatuberculatum4 Kennedy et al. 1979 ammonite
 Ammonitida - Lyelliceratidae
Lyelliceras latili2 Kennedy and Klinger 2008 ammonite
 Ammonitida - Douvilleiceratidae
Douvilleiceras sp.5 Grossouvre 1894 ammonite
 Ammonitida - Anisoceratidae