Abrahamskraal, Prince Albert (Permian of South Africa)

Also known as Farm Abrahamskraal

Where: Western Cape, South Africa (32.9° S, 22.0° E: paleocoordinates 59.8° S, 35.4° W)

• coordinate based on political unit

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: Tapinocephalus Assemblage zone, Abrahamskraal Formation (Beaufort Group), Capitanian (264.3 - 259.5 Ma)

• "Tapinocephalus Assemblage Zone, Late Permian" (Dilkes & Reisz, 1996);

•The Tapinocephalus AZ is Capitanian in age according to Catuneanu et al. (2005, J. Afr. Earth Sci., 43). Lithostratigraphic informations are from Catuneanu et al. (2005) as well.

• member-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: "floodplain"; sandstone and claystone

• " [...] deposited mainly by overbank flooding of large meandering rivers of variable sinuosity, draining an extensive alluvial plain [...]" (Catuneanu et al., 2005).
• "fining-upward succession of sandstones and purple mudstones containing numerous thin chert bands and rich tetrapod faunas" (general lithology description of the Abrahamskraal Fm. in Catuneanu et al., 2005, J. Afr. Earth Sci. 43)

Size class: macrofossils

Reposited in the TMP

• SAM = Iziko South African Museum, Cape Town

Primary reference: D. W. Dilkes and R. R. Reisz. 1996. First record of a basal synapsid (‘mammal-like reptile’) in Gondwana. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series B 263:1165-1170 [J. Mueller/T. Liebrecht]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 86388: authorized by Johannes Mueller, entered by Torsten Liebrecht on 01.02.2009, edited by Richard Butler, Juan Benito Moreno and Bethany Allen

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• "This locality has also yielded the abundant remains of morphologically and presumably palaeoecologically diverse therapsid taxa (Kitching 1977)." (Dilkes & Reisz, 1996).
Osteichthyes
 Therapsida -
"Galesuchus gracilis n. gen. n. sp." = Eriphostoma microdon4, "Eoarctops vanderbyli n. gen. n. sp." = Eriphostoma microdon5
"Galesuchus gracilis n. gen. n. sp." = Eriphostoma microdon4 Broom 1911 therapsid
SAM-PK-2754 (holotype)
"Eoarctops vanderbyli n. gen. n. sp." = Eriphostoma microdon5 Broom 1911 therapsid
SAM-PK-5598 (holotype)
 Therocephalia - Alopecodontidae
"Alopecodon priscus" = Alopecodon priscus8, "Alopecodon minor n. sp." = Alopecodon priscus1
"Alopecodon priscus" = Alopecodon priscus8 Broom therapsid
"Alopecodon minor n. sp." = Alopecodon priscus1 Broom therapsid
 Therocephalia - Pristerognathidae
Scymnosaurus sp.8 Broom 1903 therapsid
Alopecognathus megalops n. sp.8 Broom 1937 therapsid
Lycedops scholtzi n. sp.8 Broom 1936 therapsid
Pristerognathus vanderbyli n. sp.8 Broom 1936 therapsid
 Therocephalia - Lycosuchidae
Trochosaurus intermedius n. sp.1 Haughton 1913 therapsid
Trochosaurus major8 Broom 1932 therapsid
Trochorhinus vanhoepeni8 Broom 1936 therapsid
 Therapsida - Titanosuchidae
Dinartamus vanderbyli n. gen. n. sp.8, Titanosuchus cloetei8, Titanosuchus dubius n. sp.8, Titanosuchus strubeni8, "Titanosuchus ferox" = Titanosuchus ferox8, "Scapanodon duplessisi" = Titanosuchus ferox2, Dinopolus atrox n. sp.8, Jonkeria vanderbyli n. sp.8, "Jonkeria truculenta" = Jonkeria truculenta8, "Phoneosuchus angusticeps n. sp." = Jonkeria truculenta1, Jonkeria koupensis8
Dinartamus vanderbyli n. gen. n. sp.8 Broom 1923 therapsid
Titanosuchus cloetei8 Broom 1903 therapsid
Titanosuchus dubius n. sp.8 Haughton 1915 therapsid
"Titanosuchus ferox" = Titanosuchus ferox8 Owen 1879 therapsid
"Scapanodon duplessisi" = Titanosuchus ferox2 Owen 1879 therapsid
Dinopolus atrox n. sp.8 Broom 1936 therapsid
Jonkeria vanderbyli n. sp.8 Broom 1929 therapsid
"Jonkeria truculenta" = Jonkeria truculenta8 van Hoepen 1914 therapsid
"Phoneosuchus angusticeps n. sp." = Jonkeria truculenta1 van Hoepen 1914 therapsid
Jonkeria koupensis8 Boonstra 1955 therapsid
 Therapsida - Anteosauridae
Anteosaurus magnificus8 Watson 1921 therapsid
 Therapsida - Tapinocephalidae
"Criocephalus vanderbyli n. sp." = Criocephalosaurus vanderbyli8, Struthiocephalus intermedius8, "Struthiocephalus whaitsi" = Struthiocephalus whaitsi8, "Struthiocephalellus parvus n. sp." = Struthiocephalus whaitsi1, Taurocephalus lerouxi n. sp.8, Keratocephalus moloch n. sp.8
"Criocephalus vanderbyli n. sp." = Criocephalosaurus vanderbyli8 Broom 1928 therapsid
"Struthiocephalus whaitsi" = Struthiocephalus whaitsi8 Haughton 1915 therapsid
"Struthiocephalellus parvus n. sp." = Struthiocephalus whaitsi1 Haughton 1915 therapsid
Taurocephalus lerouxi n. sp.8 Broom 1928 therapsid
AMNH 5655 (holotype), skull
Keratocephalus moloch n. sp.8 von Huene 1931 therapsid
 Dicynodontia -
"Dicynodon pseudojouberti" = Diictodon pseudojouberti8
"Dicynodon pseudojouberti" = Diictodon pseudojouberti8 Boonstra 1948 dicynodont
 Dicynodontia - Pylaecephalidae
"Dicynodon jouberti" = Diictodon feliceps8, Robertia broomiana7
"Dicynodon jouberti" = Diictodon feliceps8 Owen 1876 dicynodont
Robertia broomiana7 Boonstra 1948 dicynodont
SAM-PK-3354, a skull
 Synapsida - Varanopidae
Elliotsmithia longiceps n. gen. n. sp.3
Elliotsmithia longiceps n. gen. n. sp.3 Broom 1937 synapsid
TMP 1483 (type)
Reptilia
 Procolophonomorpha -
Bradysaurus angusta8, Bradysaurus strubeni8, "Bradysaurus vanderbyli n. sp." = Bradysaurus seeleyi6, Bradysaurus baini6, "Dolichopareia angusta" = Nochelesaurus alexanderi1, "Brachypareia watsoni n. sp." = Nochelesaurus alexanderi1
Bradysaurus angusta8 parareptile
Bradysaurus strubeni8 parareptile
"Bradysaurus vanderbyli n. sp." = Bradysaurus seeleyi6 Haughton and Boonstra 1929 parareptile
SAM 3718 (type)
Bradysaurus baini6 Seeley 1892 parareptile
SAM 4347 (not mentioned by Lee, 1997) + one skull reposited in Tübingen, Germany (see v. Huene, 1931, Geol. Paläont. Abh. N.F. 18)
"Dolichopareia angusta" = Nochelesaurus alexanderi1 Haughton and Boonstra 1929 parareptile
"Brachypareia watsoni n. sp." = Nochelesaurus alexanderi1 Haughton and Boonstra 1929 parareptile
 Theromorpha - Styracocephalidae
Styracocephalus platyrhynchus9 Haughton 1929 reptile
SAM 9346, posterior portion of skull roof and separate portion with heeled incisor teeth