Loxonema Phillips 1841 (snail)

Gastropoda - Murchisoniina - Loxonematidae

Full reference: J. Phillips. 1841. Figures and descriptions of the Palaeozoic fossils of Cornwall, Devon, and West Somerset; observed in the course of the Ordinance Geological Survey of that district. Geological Society of London 1-231

Parent taxon: Loxonematidae according to P. Bouchet et al. 2005

See also Knight et al. 1960 and Sepkoski 2002

Sister taxa: Aulacostrepsis, Australoxa, Clathronema, Cookiloxa, Heideckernema, Katoptychia, Nodoloxonema, Omospirinae, Perneratia, Stylonema, Tyrsoecus, Holopella

Subtaxa: Loxonema (Heterocosmia) Loxonema acicularis Loxonema annae Loxonema approximatum Loxonema arpadis Loxonema australis Loxonema bellona Loxonema benevolum Loxonema beraunense Loxonema bertiense Loxonema binodosa Loxonema bongardia Loxonema boydii Loxonema broeggeri Loxonema carinatum Loxonema coapta Loxonema constans Loxonema contrictum Loxonema cornubicum Loxonema cortii Loxonema costulatum Loxonema crispa Loxonema crucianum Loxonema cylindricum Loxonema dalecarlicum Loxonema danai Loxonema debile Loxonema delicatula Loxonema deornatum Loxonema derelictum Loxonema eucycloides Loxonema eurekensis Loxonema fasciatum Loxonema fasciatum Loxonema fecundum Loxonema fitchi Loxonema fragillima Loxonema fusca Loxonema grayianum Loxonema gregaria Loxonema gregarium Loxonema grignense Loxonema haueri Loxonema heteromorphum Loxonema hibernicum Loxonema highlandense Loxonema hydraulica Loxonema inclytum Loxonema inconspicuum Loxonema inexpectatum Loxonema infrasilurica Loxonema insociale Loxonema intumescens Loxonema invariabile Loxonema johannisboehmi Loxonema kayseri Loxonema kobelli Loxonema kokeni Loxonema laeve Loxonema leda Loxonema ledburiense Loxonema leviusulcum Loxonema lindstroemi Loxonema magnum Loxonema medium Loxonema megaspirae Loxonema modestum Loxonema murrayana Loxonema neptunis Loxonema ningxiaensis Loxonema nitida Loxonema nobile Loxonema obsoleta Loxonema pagoda Loxonema parvula Loxonema paucicostatum Loxonema perlonga Loxonema perneri Loxonema philipii Loxonema phillipsi Loxonema pikensis Loxonema planatum Loxonema plasi Loxonema plicatissimum Loxonema pollens Loxonema polonica Loxonema postremum Loxonema praecedens Loxonema praeteritum Loxonema propinquum Loxonema pseudofasciatum Loxonema pseudomorphum Loxonema pupoideum Loxonema rarecostatum Loxonema rectangulare Loxonema reedi Loxonema renellaeformis Loxonema retusum Loxonema rude Loxonema rugosum Loxonema scalarioideum Loxonema sellai Loxonema septentrionale Loxonema sinuosum Loxonema solida Loxonema solvens Loxonema spurium Loxonema strangulatum Loxonema striatissimum Loxonema stylum Loxonema subangulatum Loxonema subanthophylloides Loxonema subattenuata Loxonema subconvexa Loxonema subulata Loxonema subvariabile Loxonema torquatum Loxonema turritelliformis Loxonema tzwetaevi Loxonema vagrans Loxonema varicosum Loxonema variscoiformis Loxonema walcotti Loxonema wetzlariana Loxonema winnipegense

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Type: Terebra sinuosum

Ecology: facultatively mobile epifaunal suspension feeder

Distribution:

• Triassic of Algeria (1 collection), Austria (6), Bosnia and Herzegovina (2), China (2), Colombia (1), France (3), Germany (13), Greenland (4), Hungary (5), Indonesia (8), Italy (30), Poland (1), Spain (5)

• Permian of Bosnia and Herzegovina (1), Brazil (1), Germany (3), Indonesia (1), Italy (6), Pakistan (2), Poland (2), the Russian Federation (6), the United Kingdom (10), United States (1: Texas)

• Osagean of United States (2: Indiana, Ohio)

• Mississippian of United States (3: California, Colorado, Indiana)

• Carboniferous of China (1), Ireland (1), Poland (1), the United Kingdom (2), United States (7: Alaska, California, Iowa, Kentucky, Montana, Utah)

• Devonian of Algeria (1), Australia (16), Austria (6), Belgium (1), Canada (5: Manitoba, Northwest Territories), the Czech Republic (7), Germany (12), Italy (3), Kazakhstan (7), New Zealand (1), Poland (5), South Africa (1), United States (19: Alaska, Iowa, Maryland, Montana, Nevada, New Hampshire, New York, Pennsylvania)

• Silurian to Devonian of Argentina (1), Australia (1), Pakistan (1)

• Silurian of Argentina (1), Australia (1), Austria (1), Canada (5: Northwest Territories, Ontario), China (2), the Czech Republic (13), Greenland (1), Norway (2), the Russian Federation (6), Sweden (2), the United Kingdom (33), United States (26: California, Indiana, Maryland, Michigan and Ohio, New York, Tennessee, Wisconsin)

• Ordovician to Silurian of Canada (1: Northwest Territories)

• Ordovician of Canada (7: Manitoba, Northwest Territories, Nunavut, Ontario, Quebec), China (2), the Czech Republic (1), Ireland (1), Norway (4), Sweden (3), the United Kingdom (8), United States (2: Kentucky, Utah)

Total: 340 collections including 412 occurrences

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


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