†family Miocidaridae Durham and Melville 1957 (pencil urchin)

Echinoidea - Cidaroida - Miocidaridae

Full reference: J. W. Durham and R. V. Melville. 1957. A classification of Echinoids. Journal of Paleontology 31:242-272

Parent taxon: Cidaroida according to A. B. Smith 2015

See also Fell 1966, Hagdorn 1995, Kier 1968 and Kroh and Smith 2010

Sister taxa: Cidaridea, Delocidaris, Diplocidaridae, Fellius, Heterocidaridae, Hirudocidaris, Histocidaridea, Leurocidaris, Menocidaris, Mesodiadema, Mikrocidari, Minicidaris, Oedematocidaris, Palmerius, Paracidaridae, Polycidaridae, Prophyllacanthus, Rhabdocidaridae, Serpianotiaridae, Tretocidaris, Triadotiaridae

Subtaxa: Anaulocidaris Aplocidaris Couvelardicidaris Dicyclocidaris Eotiaris Miocidaris Pachycidaris Panniericidaris Permocidaris Procidaris Serpianotiaris

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Ecology: slow-moving low-level epifaunal grazer-omnivore

Distribution:

• Jurassic of France (2 collections), Germany (2), the United Kingdom (17)

• Triassic of Canada (5: British Columbia), China (5), East Timor (1), France (1), Germany (4), Hungary (5), Italy (1), New Zealand (2), Pakistan (2), Spain (1), Switzerland (1), the United Kingdom (1), United States (19: Idaho, Montana, Nevada, Utah)

• Permian of Germany (2), Italy (1), Pakistan (4), the United Kingdom (8), United States (6: Texas)

Total: 90 collections including 99 occurrences

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