Xenophora Fischer von Waldheim 1807 (carrier shell)

Gastropoda - Xenophoroidea - Xenophoridae

Parent taxon: Xenophoridae according to B. Landau and C. Marques da Silva 2010

See also Abbass 1967, Dockery 1993, Gardner 1947, Gliozzi and Malatesta 1983, Harzhauser 2004, Harzhauser 2007, Harzhauser et al. 2009, Harzhauser and Mandic 2001, Ladd 1972, Ladd 1977, MacNeil 1960, Martin 1904, Nielsen and DeVries 2002, Sepkoski 2002, Todd 2001, Wienrich 2001 and Wilson 1993

Sister taxa: Acanthoxenophora, Austrophora, Endoptygma, Onustus, Stellaria

Subtaxa: Xenophora (Xenophora) Xenophora agglutinans Xenophora calculifera Xenophora carditigera Xenophora conchyliophora Xenophora corrugata Xenophora crispa Xenophora cummulans Xenophora delecta Xenophora deshayesi Xenophora eocenica Xenophora floridana Xenophora konai Xenophora palaeoafra Xenophora pallidula Xenophora paulinae Xenophora robusta Xenophora rugata Xenophora senegalensis Xenophora simiensis Xenophora tatei Xenophora terpstrai Xenophora textilina Xenophora willisi

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Ecology: epifaunal grazer

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Haiti (1 collection), Italy (6), Japan (2), Morocco (1), Pakistan (1), United States (2: Florida), Vanuatu (1)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of Malaysia (3), Mexico (1), United States (1: Florida)

• Pliocene of Belgium (1), Costa Rica (1), the Dominican Republic (7), Ecuador (4), Greece (2), Indonesia (3), Italy (4), Jamaica (3), Mexico (1), the Netherlands (1), Pakistan (2), Panama (7), Papua New Guinea (1), Spain (1), United States (3: Florida, South Carolina), Venezuela (2)

• Miocene to Pliocene of the Dominican Republic (6), South Africa (1)

• Miocene of Algeria (1), Anguilla (2), Australia (3), Austria (5), Belgium (4), Brazil (3), Chile (3), Colombia (2), Denmark (1), the Dominican Republic (21), France (4), Germany (38), Greece (2), Grenada (4), Hungary (1), India (4), Indonesia (4), Italy (6), Japan (2), Mexico (1), the Netherlands (2), New Zealand (4), Northern Mariana Islands (3), Panama (4), Poland (1), Puerto Rico (4), Somalia (5), Sri Lanka (2), Turkey (3), United States (4: Florida)

• Oligocene to Miocene of United States (1: Florida)

• Oligocene of Austria (2), France (8), Germany (1), Greece (1), Hungary (2), India (1), Iran (1), Jamaica (1), New Zealand (3), Oman (1), Somalia (5), United States (21: Florida, Georgia, Mississippi, North Carolina)

• Eocene of Australia (1), Belgium (1), Egypt (2), France (6), Germany (2), Indonesia (1), Italy (2), Jamaica (4), Mexico (1), New Zealand (1), Panama (2), Peru (1), Romania (4), Somalia (1), Tonga (1), the United Kingdom (11), United States (38: Alabama, California, Florida, Louisiana, Mississippi, New Jersey, North Carolina, South Carolina, Texas, Virginia)

• Paleocene of Denmark (5), Mexico (1), Pakistan (1), United States (9: Alabama, California, Texas)

• Cretaceous of Brazil (2), France (2), Mexico (7), Poland (3), United States (8: Alabama, Delaware, Georgia, Montana, New Mexico, Texas)

Total: 377 collections including 397 occurrences

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