Family Xenophoridae Troschel 1852 (carrier shell)

Gastropoda - Xenophoroidea - Xenophoridae

Parent taxon: Xenophoroidea according to J. A. Todd 2001

See also Beesley 1998, Bouchet et al. 2005, Gliozzi and Malatesta 1983, Harzhauser 2004, Harzhauser 2007, Harzhauser and Mandic 2001, Landau and Marques da Silva 2010, Martin 1904, Ponder and Warén 1988 and Wienrich 2001

Sister taxon: Lamelliphoridae

Subtaxa: Acanthoxenophora Austrophora Endoptygma Onustus Stellaria Xenophora

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Type: Xenophora

Ecology: epifaunal grazer

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Haiti (1 collection), Italy (6), Japan (3), Morocco (1), Pakistan (1), Taiwan (1), United States (2: Florida), Vanuatu (1)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of Malaysia (3), Mexico (1), United States (1: Florida)

• Pliocene of Belgium (1), Costa Rica (1), the Dominican Republic (7), Ecuador (4), Fiji (1), Greece (2), India (1), Indonesia (4), Italy (5), Jamaica (3), Japan (2), Mexico (1), the Netherlands (1), Pakistan (2), Panama (10), Papua New Guinea (1), Spain (1), United States (3: Florida, South Carolina), Venezuela (2)

• Miocene to Pliocene of the Dominican Republic (6), South Africa (1)

• Miocene of Algeria (1), Anguilla (2), Australia (3), Austria (5), Belgium (4), Brazil (3), Chile (4), Colombia (2), Denmark (2), the Dominican Republic (24), France (4), Germany (38), Greece (2), Grenada (4), Hungary (1), India (4), Indonesia (4), Italy (7), Japan (2), Mexico (1), the Netherlands (2), New Zealand (4), Northern Mariana Islands (3), Panama (4), Poland (1), Puerto Rico (4), Slovakia (1), Somalia (5), Sri Lanka (2), Turkey (3), United States (4: Florida)

• Oligocene to Miocene of United States (1: Florida)

• Oligocene of Austria (2), Denmark (1), France (8), Germany (1), Greece (1), Hungary (2), India (1), Iran (1), Jamaica (1), New Zealand (3), Oman (1), Pakistan (1), Somalia (5), United States (21: Florida, Georgia, Mississippi, North Carolina)

• Eocene of Australia (1), Belgium (1), Egypt (2), France (6), Germany (2), Indonesia (1), Italy (2), Jamaica (4), Mexico (1), New Zealand (1), Nigeria (5), Panama (2), Peru (1), Romania (4), Somalia (1), Tonga (1), the United Kingdom (11), United States (40: Alabama, California, Florida, Louisiana, Mississippi, New Jersey, North Carolina, South Carolina, Texas, Virginia)

• Paleocene of Austria (1), Denmark (5), Mexico (1), Pakistan (1), United States (9: Alabama, California, Texas)

• Cretaceous of Austria (1), Brazil (2), France (2), Germany (2), Mexico (9), Poland (3), United States (70: Alabama, California, Delaware, Georgia, Maryland, Mississippi, Montana, New Jersey, New Mexico, Tennessee, Texas)

Total: 472 collections including 504 occurrences

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