Gemmula Weinkauff 1875 (turrid)

Gastropoda - Neogastropoda - Turridae

Alternative spellings: Pleurotoma (Gemmula), Turris (Gemmula)

Synonyms: Eugemmula Iredale 1931, Hemipleurotoma, Pleurotoma (Hemipleurotoma)

Parent taxon: Turridae according to P. Bouchet et al. 2011

See also Baluk 2003, Harzhauser et al. 2009, Ladd 1982, MacNeil 1960, Martin 1904, Mukerjee 1939, Olsson 1964, Scarponi and Della Bella 2003, Sepkoski 2002, Sohl 1964, Sysoev 1996, Vredenburg 1921, Wienrich and Janssen 2007, Wilson 1994 and Woodring 1970

Sister taxa: Adelocythara, Amekicythara, Amuletum, Andicula, Awateria, Beretra, Borsoniinae, Carinodrillia, Clavatula, Cochlespirella, Cochlespiropsis, Compsodrillia, Coronia, Crassispira, Cryptoconinae, Cryptogemma, Daphinellinae, Decollidrillia, Defrancia, Drilliinae, Drillinae, Eoclathurella, Eopleurotoma, Eosurcula, Epalxis, Epidirella, Epidirona, Eucheilodon, Fusimilis, Fusiturricula, Genotia, Glabrocythara, Glossispira, Hemisurcula, Hesperiturris, Infracoronia, Inquisitor, Iotyrris, Knefastia, Kuroshioturris, Lepicythara, Leucosyrinx, Lioglyphostoma, Lophiotoma, Lucerapex, Lutema, Lyrosurcula, Maesiella, Michela, Miraclathurella, Monilispira, Muteluma, Nasavusavuia, Optoturris, Pachycythara, Parasyngenochilus, Perrona, Pilsbryspira, Pleurofusia, Pleurotomoides, Polystira, Procerapex, Protosurcula, Pseudoraphitoma, Ptychobela, Ptychosyrinx, Remnita, Scobinella, Sedilia, Sinistrella, Surculites, Surculoma, Tiariturris, Trachelochetus, Trypanotopsis, Turricula, Turridrupa, Turrinae, Turrinosyrinx, Turris, Unedogemmula, Vaughanites, Xenuroturris, Zonulispira

Subtaxa: Gemmula (Coroniopsis) Gemmula (Gemmula) Gemmula (Pinguigemmula) Gemmula alazana Gemmula amica Gemmula congener Gemmula crenulata Gemmula cretacea Gemmula diabloensis Gemmula fasteni Gemmula gajensis Gemmula hindsiana Gemmula imitatrix Gemmula machapoorensis Gemmula macrobia Gemmula mekranica Gemmula mexa Gemmula monerma Gemmula plebeia Gemmula sindiensis Gemmula vaningeni Gemmula wattsi Hemipleurotoma arenosa Hemipleurotoma bhagothorensis Hemipleurotoma bonneti Hemipleurotoma narica Pleurotoma (Hemipleurotoma) bellacrenata Pleurotoma (Hemipleurotoma) calvertensis Pleurotoma (Hemipleurotoma) choptankensis Pleurotoma (Hemipleurotoma) humilis Pleurotoma (Hemipleurotoma) iris Pleurotoma (Hemipleurotoma) singuensis Pleurotoma (Hemipleurotoma) yenanensis Turris (Gemmula) birmanica Turris (Gemmula) pakistanica Turris (Gemmula) soriensis Turris (Gemmula) thyrsus

View classification

Type: Gemmula hindsiana

Ecology: epifaunal carnivore

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Costa Rica (1 collection), Fiji (1), Indonesia (1), Japan (4), Taiwan (2), Vanuatu (1)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of Italy (1)

• Pliocene of Belgium (2), Chile (9), Colombia (2), Ecuador (4), Fiji (6), Indonesia (2), Italy (11), Japan (7), the Philippines (5), Portugal (1)

• Miocene to Pliocene of Japan (3)

• Miocene of Belgium (1), Chile (5), Colombia (3), Denmark (2), Ecuador (3), France (1), Germany (50), Greece (2), India (6), Indonesia (15), Italy (7), Japan (6), Myanmar (5), the Netherlands (2), New Zealand (1), Pakistan (2), Panama (23), the Philippines (1), Romania (1), Trinidad and Tobago (5), United States (9: Florida)

• Oligocene of Denmark (4), France (2), Germany (1), Mexico (1), Panama (3), United States (21: California, Mississippi)

• Eocene to Oligocene of United States (4: Oregon)

• Eocene of Antarctica (1), Australia (1), Bulgaria (1), France (2), New Zealand (4), Pakistan (2), the United Kingdom (11), United States (17: California, Oregon, Washington), Venezuela (1)

• Paleocene of Poland (1)

• Cretaceous of United States (5: Alabama, Georgia, Mississippi, Tennessee)

Total: 295 collections including 412 occurrences

Show more details


Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


Click image to enlarge. Click to access iDigBio record.