Subfamily Turrinae Swainson 1840 (turrid)

Gastropoda - Neogastropoda - Turridae

Parent taxon: Turridae according to M. Harzhauser et al. 2009

See also Addicott 1970, Beu et al. 1990, Bouchet et al. 2005, Moore 1976, Olsson 1964, Petuch 1988, Ponder and Warén 1988, Squires 1987, Stilwell et al. 2004, Sysoev 1996, Wilson 1994, Woodring 1928 and Woodring 1970

Sister taxa: Adelocythara, Amekicythara, Amuletum, Andicula, Awateria, Beretra, Borsoniinae, Carinodrillia, Clavatula, Cochlespirella, Cochlespiropsis, Compsodrillia, Coronia, Crassispira, Cryptoconinae, Cryptogemma, Daphinellinae, Decollidrillia, Defrancia, Drilliinae, Drillinae, Eoclathurella, Eopleurotoma, Eosurcula, Epalxis, Epidirella, Epidirona, Eucheilodon, Fusimilis, Fusiturricula, Gemmula, Genotia, Glabrocythara, Glossispira, Hemisurcula, Hesperiturris, Infracoronia, Inquisitor, Iotyrris, Knefastia, Kuroshioturris, Lepicythara, Leucosyrinx, Lioglyphostoma, Lophiotoma, Lucerapex, Lutema, Lyrosurcula, Maesiella, Michela, Miraclathurella, Monilispira, Muteluma, Nasavusavuia, Optoturris, Pachycythara, Parasyngenochilus, Perrona, Pilsbryspira, Pleurofusia, Pleurotomoides, Polystira, Procerapex, Protosurcula, Pseudoraphitoma, Ptychobela, Ptychosyrinx, Remnita, Scobinella, Sedilia, Sinistrella, Surculites, Surculoma, Tiariturris, Trachelochetus, Trypanotoma, Trypanotopsis, Turricula, Turridrupa, Turrinosyrinx, Turris, Unedogemmula, Vaughanites, Xenuroturris, Zonulispira

Subtaxa: Acamptogenotia Austroturris Brachystoma Cosmasyrinx Fenimorea Fusiturris Globidrillia Ingaunoturricula Insolentia Micantapex Oxyacrum Parasyrinx Pleuroliria Taranis Viridoturris Xenoturris

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Ecology: epifaunal carnivore

Distribution:

• Quaternary of United States (3: Florida, Hawaii, North Carolina collections)

• Pliocene of Italy (5), Jamaica (3), Japan (5), Panama (2), United States (2: California, Florida)

• Miocene to Pliocene of Japan (1)

• Miocene of Austria (1), Belgium (6), Denmark (1), Germany (48), Japan (3), Mexico (1), the Netherlands (2), New Zealand (6), Panama (2), United States (2: Alaska)

• Oligocene of Denmark (4), Germany (1), New Zealand (8), United States (33: Mississippi, Oregon, Washington)

• Eocene to Oligocene of United States (8: Oregon)

• Eocene of Antarctica (4), France (1), New Zealand (5), the Russian Federation (1), the United Kingdom (4), United States (17: Alabama, Louisiana, Mississippi, Oregon, Texas)

• Paleocene of Antarctica (1), Australia (2), New Zealand (2)

• Cretaceous of Argentina (1)

Total: 185 collections including 259 occurrences

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