†order Cystiphyllida Nicholson 1889 (horn coral)

Anthozoa - Cystiphyllida

Parent taxon: Rugosa according to D. Hill 1981

Sister taxa: Acanthophillia, Accurganaxon, Adinophyllum, Agastophyllum, Alinkioduncanella, Allotropiocarinophyllum, Anactolasma, Antracophyllum, Aphroelasma, Arcocyathus, Arcoplasma, Asarcophyllum, Asterodisphyllum, Astraeophyllum, Asturiphyllum, Aulostrotion, Axinura, Axocricophyllum, Barbouria, Bathybalva, Belgradeophyllum, Beogradophyllum, Botrophyllum, Brochiphyllum, Calceolidae, Calinastrea, Campsactis, Cardiaphyllum, Cavilasma, Ceciliaphyllum, Cerioelasma, Ceriphyllum, Ceristella, Changjianggouphyllum, Charisphyllum, Choanoplasma, Chonophyllidae, Complanophyllum, Complexophyllum, Conilophyllum, Cosjuvia, Crassicyclus, Crassophrentis, Crateniophyllum, Crepidophyllia, Cuctienophyllum, Curtastrum, Cyanaphyllum, Cyathactidae, Cystihexagonaria, Cystiphyllina, Cystocantrilla, Cystodactylon, Cystolyrielasma, Cystostylus, Cyttaroplasma, Debnikiella, Dialeptophyllum, Dibunophylloides, Digonoclisia, Dimelasma, Dinostrophinx, Diversiphyllum, Drewerelasma, Duncania, Duplocarinia, Elasmophyllum, Ellesmerelasma, Ellipsocyathus, Enallophrentis, Entelophyllia, Ericina, Evenkiellidae, Exostega, Ferganophyllum, Fomichivella, Frechastrea, Fromeophyllum, Fruehwirthia, Gaofengophyllum, Gazimuria, Geyeronaotia, Gorskyella, Gubbera, Gudmania, Gurieuskiella, Hapsizaphrentis, Hebukophyllum, Heterocorallia, Hezhouphyllum, Hinganastraea, Honggulosma, Huadianophyllidae, Huananaxonia, Indiophyllum, Insoliphyllum, Ipsiphyllum, Jipaolasma, Joachimastraea, Keimanelasma, Kenelasma, Kepingophyllidae, Koninckocarina, Kowalaephyllum, Kullmannophyllum, Leptelasma, Lesliella, Leurelasma, Litvolasma, Macgea, Majiaobaphyllum, Mecloudius, Miroelasma, Mixogonaria, Molophyllum, Monsteraphyllum, Murphyphyllum, Nardophyllum, Neepaliphyllum, Neoaspongophyllum, Neocantrilla, Neoclissiophyllum, Neogrootia, Neokeyserlingophyllum, Neopetrozium, Neostringophylloides, Neotemnophyllum, Ninghuaphyllum, Nordastrea, Novichuskia, Omphyma, Orthophyllum, Paleocyclidae, Pantophyllum, Paracannia, Paracolumnaria, Paradoxaphyllia, Paramixogonaria, Pararachnastraea, Parasiphonophyllia, Parasterophrentis, Parasunophyllum, Parathysanophyllum, Parazolophyllia, Parvaxon, Pentaphyllia, Peronophyllum, Phacelloplasma, Phineus, Piceaphyllum, Pleurophyllum, Polaroplasma, Poliphyllum, Polyadelphia, Polydilasma, Polygonaria, Polyrophe, Polythecalloides, Praetachylasma, Prodarwinia, Protoaulacophyllum, Protocaninia, Protocarcinophyllum, Protocyathophyllum, Protowentzellia, Protozaphrentidae, Pseudallotropiophyllum, Pseudoamplexus, Pseudoamygdalophyllum, Pseudohexagonaria, Pseudomicrocroplasma, Pseudomicroplasma, Pseudorhabdophyllum, Puanophyllum, Qinlingophyllum, Rachaniephyllum, Radiastrea, Reimanelasma, Rhytidolasma, Rozkowskaella, Schizophaulactis, Schlueteriphylum, Schreteria, Scissoplasma, Segdianophyllum, Shansiphyllum, Sigelophyllum, Smithicyathus, Soetenia, Sokoloviella, Solominella, Sphaerophyllum, Spissophyllum, Spongastraea, Spongielasma, Stauriida, Stauromatidium, Stegophyllum, Stereodepasophyllum, Stereodespasophyllum, Stereophrentis, Stilbophyllum, Streptelasmidae, Stringophylloides, Stummelasma, Stylaraea, Submesofavosites, Subutaratuia, Sutherlandia, Synamplexoides, Taiziheophyllum, Taruphyllum, Tawuphyllum, Tetrafossularia, Texturiphyllum, Thololasma, Thoulelasma, Thryptophyllum, Thuliocyclus, Thuriantha, Thyryptophyllum, Timanophyllum, Tjanshanophyllum, Trachylasma, Trigonella, Triphyllia, Truncicarinulum, Trypacystiphyllum, Tryplasmidae, Tumanophyllum, Tumsucophyllum, Turbinatocanina, Ulanophyllum, Vepresisociophyllum, Veraephyllum, Vischeria, Vojnovskija, Volgerophyllum, Weiningophyllum, Wenxianophyllum, Wexolina, Weyerelasma, Xiangzhouphyllum, Yanbianophyllum, Yishanophyllum, Yurievstiella, Zelocystiphyllum, Zenophilia, Zhushanophyllum, Zmeinogorskia

Subtaxa: Cystiphyllidae Digonophyllidae Fletcheriidae Goniophyllidae Holmophyllidae Palaeocyclidae Tryplasmatidae

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Ecology: stationary epifaunal suspension feeder

Distribution:

• Permian of the Russian Federation (4 collections)

• Devonian of Afghanistan (1), Australia (37), Austria (3), Belgium (13), Canada (28: British Columbia, Northwest Territories, Nunavut, Ontario), China (19), the Czech Republic (6), France (2), Germany (26), Italy (4), Kazakhstan (5), Mongolia (1), Morocco (5), Poland (5), the Russian Federation (30), Spain (20), Tajikistan (26), Thailand (2), the United Kingdom (3), United States (115: Alaska, Indiana, Iowa, Kentucky, Nevada, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania), Vietnam (8), Western Sahara (1)

• Clinton of Canada (11: British Columbia)

• Silurian to Devonian of Australia (1), Pakistan (1), Tajikistan (3)

• Silurian of Australia (23), Belarus (1), Canada (40: Manitoba, New Brunswick, Northwest Territories, Nunavut, Ontario, Quebec, Québec, Yukon), China (42), the Czech Republic (3), Greenland (1), India (2), Japan (3), Mongolia (5), the Russian Federation (33), Svalbard and Jan Mayen (1), Sweden (18), Tajikistan (9), Ukraine (15), the United Kingdom (5), United States (62: Alaska, California, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kentucky, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New York, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Virginia, Wisconsin), Uzbekistan (1), Venezuela (1)

• Niagaran of United States (1: Indiana)

• Ordovician to Silurian of Canada (2: Northwest Territories), United States (1: Alaska)

• Ordovician of Australia (18), Canada (4: Manitoba), China (5), Estonia (14), Norway (3), the Russian Federation (1), Sweden (2), United States (6: Alaska, Nevada, Utah, Tennessee, Texas)

• Chazy of Canada (1: Quebec), United States (2: New York)

Total: 705 collections including 1215 occurrences

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