Cythara (Mangelia) Loven 1846 (snail)

Gastropoda - Neogastropoda - Mangeliidae

Alternative spellings: Mangelia, Mangilia, Pleurotoma (Mangelia), Pleurotoma (Mangilia)

Parent taxon: Mangeliinae according to G. Wienrich and R. Janssen 2007

See also Abbott 1974, Addicott 1970, Baluk 2003, Gardner 1948, Hendy 2007, Hendy et al. 2008, MacNeil 1960, Mansfield 1925, Martin 1904, Oostingh 1935, Palmer 1923, Rosenberg 2005, Sepkoski 2002, Todd 2001 and Vredenburg 1921

Sister taxa: Acmaturris, Agathotoma, Bactrocythara, Bela, Bellacythara, Bellaspira, Benthomangelia, Brachycythara, Cythara, Cytharella, Dolostoma, Eucithara, Euryentmema, Glyphoturris, Granoturris, Guraleus, Heterocithara, Ithycythara, Kurtzia, Kurtziella, Mariadrillia, Neoguraleus, Platycythara, Pyrgocythara, Rubellatoma, Saccharoturris, Sorgenfreispira, Stellatoma, Tenaturris, Vitricythara, Pyrenoturris

Subtaxa: Mangelia (Notocytharella) Mangelia andersoni Mangelia angulicosta Mangelia boschi Mangelia costata Mangelia costellaria Mangelia ecuadoriana Mangelia guerichi Mangelia hancocki Mangelia heptapleura Mangelia hesperia Mangelia interlirata Mangelia larga Mangelia luellingensis Mangelia miorugulosa Mangelia nebula Mangelia odovychenae Mangelia pseudorugulosa Mangelia variegata Mangilia elegantissima Mangilia lalonis Mangilia maoica Mangilia micropleura Mangilia muricidea Mangilia vacavillensis

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Ecology: epifaunal carnivore

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Australia (1 collection), Costa Rica (1), Ecuador (2), France (1), Italy (2), Jamaica (1), Japan (2), Mexico (3), Morocco (4), Portugal (2), South Africa (1), Sudan (1), the United Kingdom (1), United States (12: California)

• Pliocene of Belgium (1), Ecuador (3), India (1), Indonesia (2), Italy (1), Japan (2), the United Kingdom (3), United States (6: California, Florida)

• Miocene of Austria (6), the Dominican Republic (2), Germany (14), India (1), Italy (1), Myanmar (5), the Netherlands (1), Poland (1), Romania (1), Turkey (2), Ukraine (3), United States (14: Florida, Maryland)

• Oligocene of Belgium (3), Denmark (2), France (2), Haiti (1)

• Eocene of France (1), United States (2: California, South Carolina)

• Paleocene of United States (1: Texas)

Total: 116 collections including 179 occurrences

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