Pseudoliva Swainson 1840 (true whelk)

Gastropoda - Neogastropoda - Buccinidae

Parent taxon: Pseudolivinae according to G. Vermeij 1998

See also Bohm 1926, Kensley and Pether 1986, Mansfield 1925, Rivera 1957, Sepkoski 2002, Squires 1984 and Turner 1938

Sister taxa: Benthobia, Dorsanum, Fulmentum, Hubachia, Hydrotribulus, Luizia, Naudoliva, Ptychosyca, Strepsidura, Strepturidae, Sulcoliva, Zemira

Subtaxa: Pseudoliva (Buccinorbis) Pseudoliva (Fusopsis) Pseudoliva binodosa Pseudoliva bocaserpentis Pseudoliva coronaria Pseudoliva dilleri Pseudoliva elegans Pseudoliva guppyi Pseudoliva inornata Pseudoliva kirbyi Pseudoliva laudunensis Pseudoliva leutweini Pseudoliva lineata Pseudoliva lutulenta Pseudoliva markleyensis Pseudoliva modesta Pseudoliva monilis Pseudoliva mutabilis Pseudoliva packardi Pseudoliva praetermissa Pseudoliva reticulata Pseudoliva thielei Pseudoliva umpquaensis Pseudoliva vetusta

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Ecology: epifaunal carnivore

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Angola (1 collection)

• Pliocene of South Africa (2)

• Miocene of Chile (4), Peru (1), Trinidad and Tobago (1)

• Oligocene of Ecuador (1), Peru (7)

• Eocene of Belgium (2), Colombia (6), Japan (1), Mexico (4), Namibia (1), the Netherlands Antilles (1), Nigeria (10), Peru (14), the United Kingdom (5), United States (168: Alabama, Arkansas, California, Louisiana, Mississippi, New Jersey, Oregon, South Carolina, Texas, Virginia, Washington)

• Paleocene of Australia (1), Austria (1), Belgium (1), Germany (1), Greenland (3), Mexico (2), Nigeria (2), Poland (3), Trinidad and Tobago (1), the United Kingdom (1), United States (46: Alabama, California, Louisiana, Maryland, South Carolina, Texas)

Total: 291 collections including 341 occurrences

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


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